Chapter 1: INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION
Introduction to Culture
- It is comprising of a wide variety of human
behavior. It evolved human capacity to act creatively
experiences with symbols.
- Culture is a ensemble of social
forms, material traits which cant be attributed to a
genetic inheritance of racial, social group.
- Art too is an aspect of culture and is
influenced heavily by it. Architecture is
described as an art of organizing space functionally and
- Indian artists were known for transmitting
spiritual contents into their plastic forms embodying
the high ideals and common beliefs of people. Indian art
represents ancient India's faiths, beliefs, customs and
Indian Architecture – Art of designing
and making buildings. Architecture involves aesthetic
appeal. It also requires engineering skills.
Art and Culture of Indus valley civilization
Town planning, public bath, granaries,
Sculpture of stone and bronze. Seals
Ornaments and pottery
Features of their Art:
Indigenous art with no outside
No integral use of sculpture.
Walled cities for security. Use of burnt
No evidence of temples or religious
structures. Existence of assembly halls, workshop, hostels
Citadel area represents political
authority and houses elite class. Non citadel areas are
for lower classes.
House of fixed size. There are made using
stones, wood. Houses have bath, upper storeys. Public
buildings, business centers and courtyards found.
Dockyard at Lothal located away from
the river to avoid deposition of silt. It had gates to
regulate entry of water to the port.
Sculptor was adept in his art and could
fashion both realistically and in stylish manner. Hand
made terracotta sculptures.
Bronze sculptures made using lost wax
Pottery was wheel based. Pots had red color
background and black color used for making designs.
Fig 1: Lothal Port
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