Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) & Self-Employment and Talent Utilization (SETU) Launch Date: Approved by Cabinet on 24 February 2016
Objective: Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) including Self-Employment and Talent Utilization (SETU) is Government of India’s endeavour to promote a culture of innovation and entrepreneurship. Its objective is to serve as a platform for promotion of world-class Innovation Hubs, Grand Challenges, Start-up businesses and other self-employment activities, particularly in technology driven areas.
Launch Date: 25.12.2016
Objective: To Promote & Reward Digital Payments through cash prizes for consumers
Launch Date: 25.12.2016
Objective: To Promote & Reward Digital Payments through cash prizes for merchants
Launch Date: 30.12.2016
Objective: An indigenous digital payments app BHIM for fast and secure cashless transactions using mobiles. BHIM is a payment platform designed to make UPI and USSD payment modes simpler and usable across feature phones and Smart phones.
Achievements: BHIM App downloads reach 1.25 Crore on 19.1.2017( from Budget)
Objective: A Government initiative launched by PM Narendra Modi to encourage multi-national, as well as national companies to manufacture their products in India. It aims at promoting exploration, private sector participation and growth through investments.
Achievements: · The positive business environment has helped to continue the growth of the FDI. The FDI equity inflows in the first two quarters of Financial Year (FY) 2016-17 were 30% higher than those recorded last year.
· Mining: FDI equity Inflows: FDI equity inflows in the sector increased by 1606% to USD 1.2 billion during Apr 2014 - Mar 2016 compared to USD 70.62 million during Apr 2012 - Mar 2014.
· Apparel: Between March 2014 and March 2016 the FDI equity inflows in the Textiles sector added up to USD 427.55 million. FDI equity inflow, grew by 16% in FY 2015-16 over FY 2013-14
· New and Renewable Energy: To meet the rising demand and manage the gaps in capacity of trained manpower, the Government in May 2015 set a target of achieving 50,000 “Surya Mitras” of skilled manpower in solar energy sector by 2019-20. 5,492 Surya Mitras have been trained under the program as on September 30, 2016 with over 150 institutes across the country implementing the Surya Mitra program and creating job opportunities for unemployed youth. Currently, 3000 are undergoing training.
· Total FDI equity inflow in the non-conventional energy sector during April 2014 to September 2016 was USD 1.77 billion.
Objective: To deliver Government services to citizens electronically by improving online infrastructure and by increasing Internet connectivity. Digital India consists of three core components- Creation of digital infrastructure; Delivery of services digitally; Digital literacy.
Achievements: · For the BharatNet Project, the allocation has been stepped up to Rs.10,000 crores in 2017-18. 1,55,000 kms of Optical Fiber Cables have been laid down to connect gram panchayats. Over 82% Indians can access telecommunication Services in the country.
· By the end of 2017-18, high speed broadband connectivity on optical fiber will be available in more than 1, 50,000 gram panchayats, with wifi hot spots and access to digital services at low tariffs. http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=157859
v Sustainable Action for Transforming Human Capital Furthering the agenda for cooperative federalism, NITI Aayog launched SATH, a program providing ‘Sustainable Action for Transforming Human capital’ to work with the State Governments. The aim is to initiate transformation in education and health by handholding states to improve their social sector indicators. The program will also address States’ need for technical support.
In its first phase, the SATH initiative will be implemented in six States. NITI has selected Uttar Pradesh, Assam, and Karnataka to improve healthcare delivery and key health indicators. In education, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, and Jharkhand have been selected to better learning outcomes. The six States have been chosen after a rigorous competitive process based on comprehensive metrics to determine potential for impact and likelihood of success.
These six states are being built as ‘role models’ for health and education systems in India. NITI is working in close collaboration with the state machinery to design a robust roadmap of intervention, develop a program governance structure, set up monitoring and tracking mechanisms and provide support on a range of institutional measures.
The program will be implemented by NITI along with McKinsey & Company and IPE Global consortium, who have been selected through a competitive bidding process. All stakeholders involved in the programme will be under pressure to initiate reforms or processes which will show improvement in education and learning outcomes from the day of signing of the MOU with NITI.
Formulated through an extensive consultative process, the National Nutrition Strategy provides the rationale and roadmap to bring nutrition to the centre stage of India’s Development Agenda. It provides an action plan to tackle malnutrition and meet the country’s nutrition needs and targets.
It charts out a framework wherein the four proximate determinants of nutrition – uptake of health services, food, drinking water & sanitation and income & livelihoods – work together to accelerate decline of under nutrition in India. It prioritises real time measurement of these determinants for targeted action among the most vulnerable mothers and children. It recommends that States create customized State/ District Action Plans to address local needs and challenges.
This is especially relevant in view of enhanced resources available with the States, to prioritise focussed interventions with agreater role for panchayats and urban local bodies. The strategy also enables states to make strategic choices, through decentralized planning and local innovation, with accountability for nutrition outcomes. Supply side challenges often overshadow the need to address behavioural change efforts to generate demand for nutrition services.
v Closure of Sick Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs) The Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) asked NITI Aayog to undertake a thorough analysis of sick CPSEs and make recommendations on their future direction. Accordingly, the Aayog launched a two-layer process whereby a committee headed by the CEO undertook a detailed analysis of the 74 sick/loss-making CPSEs with the assistance of the National Institute for Public Finance and Policy. This committee reported its findings to a committee headed by the Vice Chairman. A report was prepared with the recommendations and sent to the PMO. Until now, Cabinet has given approval for the closure of 12 such CPSEs/units. The process of finalising the closure of other sick CPSEs is currently under way.
v Strategic Disinvestment of CPSEs The budget announcement 2016-17 had mandated that the NITI Aayog identify CPSEs for strategic disinvestment. The task inter alia included: (i) Identification of CPSEs for strategic sale (ii) Advice on number of shares to be transferred (iii) Recommendation on mode of sale (iv) Suggestion on the methods of valuation
· To perform this role, NITI Aayog constituted a Committee under chairmanship of Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog. Until now, the Committee has submitted its recommendations in four tranches between May 2016 and May 2017.
· Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved seventeen of the committee’s recommendations for ‘in-principle’ strategic disinvestment in October 2016. The Department of Investment and Public Asset Management (DIPAM) is in the process of implementing the recommendations on a case-by-case basis. The Committee is now deliberating on the third tranche of recommendations.
· In March 2016, a Committee was constituted under the Chairmanship of Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog to review the status of 74 sick/loss-making and non-performing CPSEs. The Committee finalised its report in May 2016 and its recommendation are in the process of being implemented in consultation with the concerned administrative ministries.
· Work on the committee to monitor the revival packages of all CPSEs, under the chairmanship of Shri Bibek Debroy, Member, NITI Aayog, is under progress.
· The steps towards Strategic Disinvestment of CPSEs are the first of their kind being taken after 13 years by the Government. NITI Aayog’s work on CPSEs has covered more than half of the 235 operational CPSEs and is the most comprehensive review of the working of CPSEs, with a view to inject them with greater efficient, in recent times.
a. Model Land Leasing Law Taking note of increasing incidents of leasing in and out of land and suboptimal use of land with lesser number of cultivators, NITI Aayog has formulated a Model Agricultural Land Leasing Act, 2016 to both recognize the rights of the tenant and safeguard interest of landowners. A dedicated cell for land reforms was also set up in NITI. Based on the model act, Madhya Pradesh has enacted separate land leasing law and Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand have modified their land leasing laws. Some States, including Odisha, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, are already at an advance stage of formulating legislations to enact their land leasing laws for agriculture.
b. Reforms of the Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee Act NITI Aayog consulted with the States on 21 October 2016 on three critical reforms – (i) Agricultural marketing reforms (ii) Felling and transit laws for tree produce grown at private land (iii) Agricultural land leasing
Subsequently, Model APMC Act version 2 prepared. States are being consulted to adopt APMC Act version 2. c. Agricultural Marketing and Farmer Friendly Reforms Index NITI Aayog has developed the first ever ‘Agriculture Marketing and Farmer Friendly Reforms Index’ to sensitise states about the need to undertake reforms in the three key areas of Agriculture Market Reforms, Land Lease Reforms and Forestry on Private Land (Felling and Transit of Trees). The index carries a score with a minimum value “0” implying no reforms and maximum value “100” implying complete reforms in the selected areas.
As per NITI Aayog’s index, Maharashtra ranks highest in implementation of various agricultural reforms. The State has implemented most of the marketing reforms and offers the best environment for undertaking agri-business among all the States and UTs. Gujarat ranks second with a score of 71.50 out of 100, closely followed by Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. Almost two third States have not been able to reach even the halfway mark of reforms score, in the year 2016-17. The index aims to induce a healthy competition between States and percolate best practices in implementing farmer-friendly reforms.
A roadmap for Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana was prepared and shared with the concerned Central Ministries/Departments, the States and other stakeholders. The road-map would be highly useful for achieving the objective of Har Khet Ko Pani as it contains strategies for storage, conveyance and on-farm application of water with emphasis on efficient and sustainable use of available water resources. In the road-map, priority has been accorded to completion of ongoing projects under Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP); minor irrigation (surface water) schemes; Repair, Renovation and Restoration of waterbodies; and also for bridging the gap between the Irrigation Potential Created (IPC) and Irrigation Potential Utilised (IPU).
v Launching of Development Support Services to States for Infrastructure This program has been initiated to transform delivery of projects/services by providing state-of-the-art expertise in situational diagnostics, project structuring, business process re-engineering, overhauling delivery and governance processes, undertaking design and techno-commercial feasibility of complex projects and supporting in implementation to achieve the desired outcomes.
NITI Aayog has shortlisted 40 out of 419 projects for pre- feasibility. Among all projects submitted by 18 states, Among the projects that were screened a majority belonged to the water and sanitation sector and social infrastructure sector followed by transportation and commercial infrastructure.
v Reforming Regulatory Frameworks in Medical Education A committee chaired by Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog recommended scrapping of the Medical Council of India and suggested a new body for regulating medical education. The draft legislation for the proposed National Medical Commission has been submitted to the Government for further necessary action
a. After being entrusted with the task of promoting less-cash society, NITI Aayog launched a campaign to promote digital payments. An action plan on advocacy, awareness and co-ordination of handholding efforts among general public, micro enterprises and other stakeholders was prepared. Appropriate literature in print and multimedia was prepared on the subject for widespread dissemination. Presentations/ interactions were organized by NITI Aayog for training and capacity building of various Ministries/Departments of Government of India, representatives of State/UTs, Trade and Industry Bodies as well as all other stakeholders.
b. Committee of Chief Ministers on Digital Payments was constituted on 30th November 2016 with Hon’ble Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, Chandrababu Naidu, as the Convener to promote transparency, financial inclusion and a healthy financial ecosystem nationwide. The Committee submitted its interim report to Hon’ble Prime Minister in January 2017. Several of the recommendations of the Committee have since been implemented.
c. To incentivize the States/UTs to promote digital transactions, a scheme was launched under which Central assistance was provided to the districts for undertaking Information, Education and Communication activities to bring 5 crore Jan Dhan accounts to digital platform. Out of Rs. 50 crore allocated for the scheme, a sum of Rs. 21.32 crore has since been disbursed.
d. NITI Aayog prepared the guidelines for the cashback and referral bonus schemes which was launched by Hon'ble Prime Minister on 14.4.2017 to promote the use of digital payments through the BHIM App.
e. Niti Aayog also launched two incentive schemes to to promote digital payments across all sections of society - the Lucky Grahak Yojana and the Digi Dhan Vyapar Yojana –Over 16 lakh consumers and merchants won cash reward amounting to Rs. 256 crore under these two schemes .
f. Digi Dhan Melas were held for 100 days in 100 cities, from December 25th to April 14th.
g. NITI Aayog also launched an initiative of less-cash townships wherein through targeted steps digital transactions was promoted. Through third party verification 75 townships were certified as less-cash townships where more than 80 per cent of transactions within the townships were through digital mode. Hon’ble Prime Minister declared these as less-cash townships on April 14, 2017.
The Government has set up Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) in NITI Aayog with a view to strengthen the country’s innovation and entrepreneurship ecosystem by creating institutions and programs that spur innovation in schools, colleges, and entrepreneurs in general. In 2016-17, the following major schemes were rolled out:
a. Atal Tinkering Labs (ATLs): To foster creativity and scientific temper in students, AIM is helping to establish 1500 ATLs in schools across India, where students can design and make small prototypes to solve challenges they see around them, using rapid prototyping technologies that have emerged in recent years.
b. Atal Incubation Centres (AICs): AIM will provide financial support of Rs.10 crore and capacity buidling for setting AICs across India, which will help startups expand quicker and enable innovation-entrepreneurship, in core sectors such as manufacturing, transport, energy, education, agriculture, water and sanitation, etc.
c. Six Existing Incubation Centres (EIC) have been selected through a competitive process for scaling them up as World Class Institutes and ten new Atal Incubation Centres have been selected.
v Indices Measuring States’ Performance in Health, Education and Water Management
As part of the Prime Minister’s Focus on outcomes, NITI has come out with indices to measure incremental annual outcomes in critical social sectors like health, education and water with a view to nudge the states into competing with each other for better outcomes, while at the same time sharing best practices & innovations to help each other - an example of competitive and cooperative federalism.
v Special initiatives for transformation of 100 districts: As rapid transformation of the country would require a major jump in human development indices, Niti Aayog is in the process of launching a special initiative to focus on 100 such districts which still fare poorly on key indicators like health, education, basic infrastructure and have a higher per cent of people under poverty. The strategy is to designate senior officers as guardian of the districts who with the district and State level officials ensure that various Schemes of Governments are efficiently run and through the convergence o the effort of the centre, State and local government bring about a major improvement in next 2 years across key indicators.
v Three Year Action Agenda Replacing the Five Year Plans beyond 31st March, 2017, NITI Aayog drafted the 3-year Action Agenda for 2017-18 to 2019-20, aligned to the predictability of financial resources during the 14th Finance Commission Award period. This was submitted at the 3rd Governing Council Meeting, chaired by the Hon’ble PM on April 23rd, 2017 for inputs from all Chief Minister and the final version was released by the Hon’ble Finance Minister in July, 2017.
v Think Tank Role: As the premier think-tank of the Government of India, NITI Aayog has: a. Created a compendium “State Forward: Best Practices from Our States” with an exhaustive set of case studies that reflect the States’ best practices across all themes
b. Developed the Good Practices Resource Book (2015) to consolidate the innovative Good Practices in Social Security, Infrastructure, Child Protection and Local Governance
c. Steered the creation of a full-fledged Knowledge Portal to share these practices from across sectors and States: www.indiaknowledgehub.gov.in
d. Launched ‘SAMAVESH’, a crucial initiative aimed at networking and partnership with knowledge and research institutions using a hub and spoke model. 32 Institutions including AIIMS, IIT-K, IIT-KGP, IIM-A and IISc have been identified for partnership in the first phase representing premier think tanks across 7 themes viz. Economic Transformation, Natural Resources & Environment, Area Transformation, Social Sector, Science & Technology, Governance Reform and Defence
e. Prepared the Challenge Method Guidelines for Selection of sites for various projects; sent for approval by the Cabinet Secretariat
f. Steered several efforts to rejuvenate the fertilizer sector, with the CEO chairing six Committees for revival of closed fertilizer plants, selection of technology, reforms in the urea sector and introduction of Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) in fertilizers
g. Set up a committee to review Autonomous Bodies under the Central Government. The Committee has, so far, completed the review of a few departments and submitted the first draft Interim report to the Government
h. Prepared a roadmap to promote Tribal Research Institutes as Top Class Research Institutes. The report of the sub-group is being examined for necessary action
a. The consolidation of laws for Rajasthan has been done and the work for Jammu & Kashmir and Maharashtra is in progress.
b. Compilation of District level disaggregated data on 51 development indicators including Social Development Indicators such as Education, Health, Roads, Electricity, Mobile Penetration etc for monitoring the improvement of States.
v Development support to the North East: To transform India’s North-Eastern region into a driver of growth, NITI Aayog has undertaken the following initiatives:
a. A manufacturing policy for the North-Eastern and Himalayan States is being formulated
c. Issues arising out of FFC recommendations have been taken and Rs. 500 cr and Rs. 150 cr released to Sikkim and Tripura, respectively. Release was Rs. 1000 crore for Autonomous District Councils of Sixth Schedule areas was recommended for 2015-16. In 2017-18, Rs. 500 cr will be granted to local bodies that are not covered under FFC recommendations.
b. c. Enabled the sorting out bottlenecks of hydel projects in Arunachal Pradesh d. Consultation workshop on implementing Vision 2030 organized for North Eastern States e. Formulating strategies to meet the objective of Act East Policy.
· Mumbai-Ahmedabad High-Speed Rail (MAHSR) Corridor project: The governments of India and Japan inked a Memorandum of Cooperation on 12th December, 2015 on cooperation and assistance in the Mumbai-Ahmedabad High-Speed Rail Corridor project. This collaboration was based on the recommendation of the Empowered Committee for Innovative Collaborations led by Dr. Arvind Panagariya, NITI Aayog’s Vice Chairman (VC) that recommended this project due to the low-cost funding, apart from a commitment for technology transfer and local manufacturing.
Government of India accepted the recommendation of adopting Shinkansen technology for the project. In January, 2016, the PMO constituted a ‘High Level Joint Committee on Mumbai-Ahmedabad High Speed Rail Project’ to be led by NITI Aayog VC to accelerate the execution of this project. The members of this committee include Railway Board Chairman, Foreign Secretary, Industrial Policy and Promotion Secretary and Economic Affairs Secretary. Till date 5 meetings of the JCM have been held.
The Joint Committee meetings have been able to give focussed directions to the important project at the highest level. These have also been able to handle emerging difficulties and solve them to keep the pace of the project at a very high level.
In view of merger of Plan and Non Plan expenditure in 2017-18, NITI has ensured adequate allocation for SCs (SCSP) and STs (TSP). “Allocation for the welfare of SCs” has increased from Rs. 38833 crore (BE) in 2016-17 to Rs. 52393 crore (BE) in 2017-18 i.e. an increase of 35%.
Similarly, the total allocation for the welfare of STs has increased from Rs. 24005 (BE) crore in 2016-17 to Rs. 31920 crore (BE) 2017-18 i.e. an increase of 33%. NITI Aayog has also developed Framework for Monitoring of schemes relating to SCs and STs by the nodal Ministries.
NITI has developed the NGO portal Darpan that is being used by 35 departments and 27214 NGOs.
To ensure that there is no disbursement of grants to NGOs without Unique ID from portal, PAN of NGO and PAN and Aadhar number of office bearers has been made mandatory for NGO registration. The portal is tracking funds to ensure transparency. NITI Aayog is currently formulating guidelines for Implementation of Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS)/Central Sector (CS) Schemes through NGOs.
a. The Government of India has decided to develop identified islands for maritime trade, shipping, fisheries, eco-tourism, under-sea mining, oil and gas and other socio-economic activities. It is also planned to replace use of diesel with promotion of non-conventional energy sources such as Solar Energy, Wind Energy, Tidal Energy, Ocean Thermal Energy etc. in the islands.
b. NITI Aayog has been mandated to steer the process of holistic development of the identified islands as unique models of sustainable development and prepare a comprehensive development plan for each island with a focus on sustainability. NITI Aayog, in consultation with concerned Central Ministries / Departments, UT Administration and other stakeholders has short-listed 10 islands for holistic development in the first phase viz. Smith, Ross, Long, Avis, and Little Andaman in Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Minicoy, Bangaram, Tinnakara, Cheriyam and Suheli in Lakshadweep. Request for Qualification cum Request for Proposal (RFQ-cum-RFP) for selection of consultants for ‘Preparation of Concept Development Plans and Detailed Master Plans for Holistic Development of identified 10 Islands’ has been issued and process for selection of consultant is underway.
1) In 2014, the erstwhile Planning Commission had developed the Government of India’s first dynamic and interactive web based scenario building tool for the Indian energy sector, India Energy Security Scenarios (IESS), 2047. Keeping in mind the rapidly changing energy landscape of India, NITI Aayog developed a revamped version of the IESS, 2047, factoring in newer outputs, new technologies, and sectors that are gaining importance in the present scenario. To keep the tool relevant in the present policy space, the IESS V2.0 also builds in the recent development goals of the Government of India. The IESS team conducted nationwide outreach workshops to increase the usability of this tool in tier II cities, educational institutions etc.
2) NITI Aayog prepared a “Report on India’s Renewable Electricity Roadmap 2030” which summarizes the opportunities and barriers to renewable Energy and the rationale as well as the benefits and costs of its adoption within the context of the Indian Power System. This was done by a comprehensive stakeholder-driven “roadmap” exercise. The report was launched in February, 2015 during RE-Invest-2015.
3) The draft National Energy Policy (NEP). Has been finalised and submitted for Cabinet approval.
4) An initiative has been taken up on improved Energy Data Management under Sustainable Growth Working Group of the India-US Energy Dialogue and also on GIS mapping. The above endeavour will coordinate all the sources of energy and present the data in a consolidated manner.
5) Launch of report of the Expert Group on 175 GW of Renewable Energy (RE) by 2022 in December, 2016. The Expert Group advised that all non-financial support options and coordinated implementation ecosystem should be made available to RE.
6) Launch of India Energy Portal - NITI Aayog has launched the India Energy Portal (IEP) (www.indiaenergy.gov.in) which presently houses its flagship initiative India Energy Security Scenarios (IESS) 2047, with new added features and content. An offering of the Energy Division of NITI Aayog, the Portal is intended to provide a common platform for all energy related data and research from different sources across the country. The portal aims to reach not only policy makers, but to a wider audience who want to get an overview of India’s energy scenario.
7) NITI Aayog organized a meeting on "India Power Sector: Supporting a Low Carbon Transition" with emphasis on best practices adopted worldwide on flexible generation and storage solutions for RE integration with International Energy Agency and other stakeholders on March 9, 2017 at NITI Aayog, New Delhi. Nine States, energy ministries/PSUs and knowledge partners participated in the workshop.
8) GIS based Energy Map of India – In order to prepare a consolidated energy data map of India, NITI Aayog has entrusted the responsibility of formulation of GIS Energy Map of India to Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). The consolidated energy map would provide requisite energy related information to all stakeholders which would help in better decision making.
9) The Energy Division also supports the International Cooperation activities. It hosted a number of workshops/Conferences both on issues of domestic and international import:
a) 4th India-China Strategic Economic Dialogue (SED) was hosted by India under the co-chair of NITI Aayog and National Development & Reform Commission, People’s Republic of China on October 6-7th, 2016,
b) Energy Data Management meetings of US DOE-Energy Information Administration (EIA) with Indian Energy Ministries and Departments held on October 24-27th, 2016 in New Delhi.
c) 2nd NITI Aayog- Development Research Centre (DRC) Dialogue, People’s Republic of China held on November 16-17th, 2016 held at New Delhi.
d) A workshop was organised on Effective and efficient realization of the extensive bioenergy resources of India on March 7th, 2017 with a view to prepare consultation paper on national bio energy policy.
e) Workshop on Energy Data Portal developed by Prayas on February 17, 2017 at NITI Aayog.
f) NITI Aayog has partnered with DBEIS, Government of UK for Development of State Level Energy Calculator. A kick off meeting held on 14thMarch, 2017 to start the exercise for three states Tamilnadu, Gujarat and Assam, with the launch of these three Projects.
CEO, NITI Aayog chaired two meeting on the theme of Port ecosystem on 09th August, 2016 and 30th January, 2017 respectively on various parameters of Port ecosystem with various stakeholders including Ministry of shipping, Department of Custom and Central excise, Ministry of Commerce, Ministry of Railways and Industry players.
In the first meeting, aggressive targets were set for various parameters such as target time for export and import, import customs, railways and CSF. Very notable achievements were reported in timings of cutting down delays in customs processing, loading of railway rakes in JNPT and documentation. In the meeting on 30.1.2017, target times for port ecosystem efficiency parameters for 2017-18 have been set.
NITI Aayog in collaboration with Rocky Mountain Institute (RMI), USA held a high level working session on transformative mobility solutions on 27-28th February, 2017 at New Delhi. This high-level meeting brought together a diverse group of mobility experts from government, industry, and civil society to identify and explore emerging technologies and business models that could allow India to “leapfrog” traditional approaches to passenger mobility.
A report based on this meeting was released on 12th May 2017 which establishes a vision for the future of India’s mobility system, outlines a set of actionable solutions to realize the vision, and estimates the impact of such a transformation. The report has found that this “leapfrog” opportunity may allow India to save as much as 1 gigaton of carbon emissions between 2017 and 2030 and approximately $60 billion in annual diesel and petrol costs in 2030.
These savings are made possible by better urban design, high-utilization business models, accelerated adoption of electric vehicles (EVs), and additional levers. Pursuing this path for mobility development could enhance energy security, reduce air pollution and carbon emissions, and bolster India’s job creation, domestic innovation, and industrial competitiveness.