NITI Aayog [National Institution for Transforming India]
Objectives in brief:
Cooperative federalism spirit should be fostered
National developed with active participation of states
grass root planning
progress of vulnerable sections
foster spirit of coordination between think tanks
platform for innovation, entrepreneurship should be built
inter departmental coordination
course correction of plans
technology upgradation and capacity building for plans
Chairman - PM
Vice chairman - PM nominee
4 Cabinet ministers nominated by PM
CEO - Secretary rank officer
Part time members- from R&D institutions
National Plans of India:
Planning commission was an executive body chaired by the PM. The
first chairman was J Nehru. It was created on 1952 and continued
to play an important role in planning till 2015 when it was
replaced by NITI Aayog.
Focus on agriculture to reduce imports and make country self
sufficient. Irrigation and power projects too were thrust areas.
Industrialization was the focus. The aim was to bring economic
development with goal to have a socialist pattern in India.
Marked advancement towards self sustaining growth was the aim.
The Indo - Pak conflict in 1965 meant that the plan couldnt start
immediately. 1966 - 1969 annual plans were there. The fourth plan
started in 1969 - 1974.Accelerating development by reducing
fluctuations in agriculture.
Fifth to eight five year plans achieved their growth target.
The eleventh and 12th five year plan focused on inclusive
development. The theme of 12th plan was "Faster,
sustainable and More inclusive growth".
Ministry of Rural Development
Integrated development of rural areas is one obligation of the
MG National rural employment
100 days of employment to rural households whose adult members
volunteer to do work like building productive assets of quality
National rural livelihoods mission - Aajeevika
Organize all rural poor households into self help groups and
federations at village and higher levels by 2021-22.
PM Gram Sadak yojana
Connect all habitations with 500 or more people with all weather
roads and for special category states or desert or backward tribal
states connect habitations of 250+ with all weather roads.
Indira Awaas Yojana
Assistance to BPL families who lack housing or have inadequate
housing to build a house. No contractor can be employed for this
Deendayal Upadhayay Grameen Kaushalya Yojana
Convert the demographic surplus of India into demographic
dividend and turn rural India into the preferred source for
skilled labor. Reduction of poverty by ensuring the poor in rural
areas can get access to sustainable employment with a regular
wage. Target is rural youth - 15-35 years.
The Project Implementing agencies should place atleast 75% of the
Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana
MP's shall choose 3 villages to convert to adarsh gram by
2019 out of which one has to be done by 2016. Then from 2019-2024
one village per year shall be chosen and turned to adarsh gram.
The scheme has no money allocation but aims for holistic development
of villages by enabling community to be participative.
Integrated watershed management program
Harnessing, conserving, developing wastelands; increase
ground water table; conserve water; sustainable agriculture
practices; increase agro productivity and improve household incomes.
Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation
It was setup as a ministry in 2011 to handle policy making,
implementation and be a nodal agency for flagship program's like
National Drinking Water Program for drinking water and Swatchh
Bharat Mission for sanitation. However water and sanitation are
National Rural Drinking water program
It is a part of Bharat Nirmanmission
that focuses on providing safe drinking water to rural areas.
Swatchh Bharat Abhiyaan
Launched on October 2, 2014 and to be achieved by 2019, October
2. The mission aims to make all statutory towns of the country
open defecation free by constructing toilets. the rate of toilet
building to be 10% [48000 daily] from current 3% [14000 daily].
Toilets to be built in all schools of the Country.
It has 6 components of which safe drinking water is one. there
were two phases of Bharat Nirman of which phase 2 ended on 2011-12
and no additional funds were accorded to it later.
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Ministry of Urban Development
Urban development is a state subject and so the ministry provides
a coordinating and monitoring role via centrally sponsored
Launched in 2005 the project focused on planned development on
cities and towns with focus on improving efficiency of delivery
mechanisms and ensuring community participation and making such
delivery systems more responsive to people.
The scheme had two components:
Basic services for urban poor
Urban infrastructure and governance.
Urban Infrastructure and Governance [U.I.G]
65 mission cities have been targeted like heritage cities, state
capitals and million plus cities. Schemes like Bus rapid transit
system, water supply, drainage , sanitation and construction of
roads and flyovers.
Sub schemes of JNNURM are also U.I.G for satellite townships
around seven mega cities and U.I.G for small and medium towns.
Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation
Providing basic services to all households and building amenities
in cities that improve life of all especially poor and
Every household should have a tap and assured water supply and
develop greenery and well maintained open spaces
develop infrastructure for non motorized transport like
cycling, walking. Encourage public transport to reduce pollution
Promote cities that give a clean, green environment, decent
quality of life, sustainable development and core infrastructure
with application of 'Smart' solutions.
Core infrastructure to be provided:
assured electric , water supply and sanitation like solid
efficient urban mobility and public transport
health and education
digital infrastructure and e-governance. Citizens
safety, security of women, children, aged.
urban mobility, good public transport and affordable housing.
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