Agni V: Inter continental ballistic
missile with range of 5000km.
Akash: Surface to air missile with
range of 25 km.
Astra: Air to air missile being
Prithvi - Surface to surface
Nag - Anti tank missile
Varunastra - Anti submarine torpedo
K-15 sagarika - Underwater missile
Prahaar, Shaurya - Surface to surface
Dhanush - Naval version of prithvi
Trishul - Surface to air, Anti aircraft
Defence Procurement Policy: Strategic Partner Model
Make in India aims to boost the indigenous production of defence equipments. In this the private sector of India shall have a critical role. A Strategic Partner model was proposed that envisages selection of an Indian private sector company that would get all contracts of manufacturing for a long period of 20 years. This means that if an Indian company like Tata is selected then it would get permission to manufacture helicopters for the army or airforce for the next 20 years. Such a commitment can encourage private sector companies to manufacture in India.
However opposition to this move is also strong due to the following points:
Monopoly to a single company should be avoided.
For each equipment 2-3 companies should be shortlisted. This shall create competition and price discovery is possible.
There could be legal challenges by all other private companies that were not shortlisted.
The Ministry of defence cannot clear this proposal as it is worth more than Rs. 1000 crore and therefore has to be cleared by the Cabinet Committee on Security.
Due to this delays many defence projects are struck.
Defence Exports: Problems and the Future Path
The Defence Minister Parrikar has set a target of 2 billion dollars for the export of Indian defence equipments. This would mean an increase of 6 fold from the current exports. The main steps taken by the Government so far to achieve this are:
Removal of 2/3rd of items from the military goods lists so even private and foreign players can manufacture them without licence.
No No objection certificate is required for dual use items i.e. goods that are usually used for civilian purposes but may have military applications as well such as GPS.
Most important step taken was dilution of norms related to end user licence. Earlier when an Indian company would export to a foreign company it had to get the end user certificate signed from the foreign company and the foreign government. This requirement made Indian made goods less attractive as the procedure was difficult.
Now the Government has changed the rule so that only critical Indian technology when exported would need to be signed by the Foreign government.
The Indian Defence PSU’s are burdened with domestic orders and so can’t meet the export demand. However now they have been given a 10% dispensation for exports. This shall help create a foreign demand.
Indian manufactured military platforms which can have a good demand face a problem as the IPR on the technology is held by foreign companies.
BrahMoS which is designed, developed by India can’t be exported as for this purpose approval of the BrahMoS board is needed.
Recent efforts have been taken to ensure that Indian private manufacturers are involved in the manufacturing of defence equipment for the military. These Industries have been taken on board the foreign delegations for discussions on defence between Government to Government.
The other major problems seen by the Indian defence exporters is that the Government doesn’t allow for exporting of Equipments currently in use by the Indian army to neighbouring countries. The mindset of Indian political institutions too has to change as foreign firms have shown interest in manufacturing in India but the bureaucracy and the politicians have to work in tandem to ensure this happens in reality.
Joint Military Exercises conducted in the Army in 2016
Shakti - Indo french military exercise
Surya kiran - Indo Nepal exercise
Garuda Shakti - Indo Indonesia exercise
Force 18 - Indo ASEAN
Maitree - Indo Thailand
Yudh Abhyas - Indo US
Prabal Dostyk - Indo Kazakh
Indra - Indo Russia
Solved Question Papers
Q.Which one of the following is the best description of ‘INS Astradharini’, that was in the news recently? (UPSC CSAT 2016)
Amphibious warfare ship
Torpedo launch and recovery vessel
Nuclear-powered aircraft carrier
Ans . C
Indigenously built Torpedo Launch and Recovery Vessel ‘INS Astradharini’ commissioned in October 2015.
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