India's first power plant was a thermal power plant in
Darjeeling in 1897. This was followed by a hydroelectric one
in 1902 in Karnataka.
The Ministry of Power is tasked with the job of policy
formulation, implementation, training and manpower
development, hydro and thermal electricity generation and
distribution. In technical matters it is assisted by Central
Out of the 2.55 lakh MW installed capacity 69% is thermal,
40000 MW is hydro, 31000 is renewable energy, 4700 MW is
Ultra Mega Power plant projects with 4000 MW
were created at 4 sites under Power finance corporation. Each
was awarded to successful bidders.
Power grid corporation is executing the National Grid project
to ensure transmission of energy from natural resource rich
regions like Odissa, Jharkhand [coal] , north and north
eastern region [hydro] to the demand centers.
Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana:
Electrification of all rural household was the target. This
scheme launched in 2005 subsumed many smaller schemes. the
Rural electric corporation was the nodal agency for this.
Central Electricity authority:
It is a chairman and 13 member body. 8
members can be full time appointed by the government of India.
It oversees the development of electricity sector in India.
Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas
It is concerned with refining, exploring and importing
petroleum and natural gas. Due to energy security needs of
India and its heavy dependence on foreign sources which makes
it vulnerable to price shocks the Ministry of Petroleum,
Natural Gas wants to increase exploration and exploitation of
It has increased dependence on domestic sources of renewable
Ethanol blended petroleum: 5% blending
of ethanol in petroleum was made mandatory across India
except in N-East states, J&K, A&N and Lakshadweep.
Biodiesel purchase policy: This too was
launched in 2006 for oil companies to purchase biodiesel
and blend in diesel.
Ministry of New and Renewable Energy
Nodal agency at the central level for all matters pertaining
to new and renewable energy.
Solved Question Papers
Q.With reference to the Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency Limited (IREDA), which of the following statements is/are correct?
1. It is a Public Limited Government Company.
2. It is a Non – Banking Financial Company.
Select the correct answer using the code given below. (UPSC CSAT 2015)
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 or 2
Ans . C
REDA has been awarded “Mini Ratna” (Category -I) status in 2015 by Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE).
IREDA is a Public Limited Government Company established as a Non-Banking Financial Institution in 1987 under the administrative control of MNRE to promote, develop and extend financial assistance for renewable energy and energy efficiency /conservation projects with the motto: “ENERGY FOR EVER”.
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