A word used with a noun to describe or point out, the person, animal, place or thing which the noun names, or to tell the number or quantity, is called an Adjective.

  1. Sita is a clever girl

  2. I don't like that boy

  3. He gave me five mangoes.

  4. There is little time for preparation

Adjectives of Quality (or Descriptive Adjective) show the kind or quality of a person or thing;

  1. Kolkata is a large city.

  2. He is an honest man.

  3. The foolish old crow tried to sing.

  4. This is a Grammar of the English

Adjectives of Quantity show how much of a thing is meant

  1. I ate some rice.

  2. He showed much patience.

  3. He has little intelligence.

  4. We have had enough exercise.

  5. He has lost all his wealth

  6. You have no sense.

  7. He did not eat any rice.

  8. Take great care of your health

  9. He claimed his half share of the booty.

  10. There has not been sufficient rain this year.

  11. The whole sum was expended.

Adjectives of Number (or Numeral Adjectives) show how many persons or things are meant, or in what order a person or thing stands

  1. The hand has five fingers.

  2. Few cats like cold water.

  3. There are no pictures in this book.

  4. I have taught you many things.

  5. All men must die.

  6. Here are some ripe mangoes.

  7. Most boys like cricket.

  8. There are several mistakes in your exercise.

  9. Sunday is the first day of the week

Demonstrative Adjectives point out which person or thing is meant;

  1. This boy is stronger than Hari.

  2. That boy is industrious

  3. These mangoes are sour.

  4. Those rascals must be punished.

  5. Yonder fort once belonged to Shivaji.

  6. I hate such things.

What, which and whose, when they are used with nouns to ask questions, are called Interrogative Adjectives;

  1. What manner of man is he?

  2. Which way shall we go?

  3. Whose book is this?

  1. Rama's mango is sweet.

  2. Hari's mango is sweeter than Rama's.

  3. Govind's mango is the sweetest of all.

  1. The Adjective sweet is said to be in the Positive Degree. The Positive Degree of an Adjective is the Adjective in its simple form. It is used to denote the mere existence of some quality of what we speak about. It is used when no comparison is made.

  2. The Adjective sweeter is said to be in the Comparative Degree. The Comparative Degree of an Adjective denotes a higher degree of the quality than the Positive, and is used when two things (or sets of things) are compared

  3. The Adjective sweetest is said to be in the Superlative Degree. The Superlative Degree of an Adjective denotes the highest degree of the quality, and is used when more than two things (or sets of things) are compared

Positive - Comparative - Superlative Positive - Comparative - Superlative
Sweet -- sweeter -- sweetest Small -- smaller -- smallest
Tall -- taller -- tallest Bold -- bolder -- boldest
Clever -- cleverer -- cleverest Kind -- kinder -- kindest
Young -- younger -- youngest Great -- greater -- greatest
Brave -- braver -- bravest Fine -- finer -- finest
White -- whiter -- whitest Large -- larger -- largest
Able -- abler -- ablest Noble -- nobler -- noblest
Wise -- wiser -- wisest Happy -- happier -- happiest
Easy -- easier -- easiest Heavy -- heavier -- heaviest
Merry -- merrier -- merriest Wealthy -- wealthier -- wealthiest
Red -- redder -- reddest Big -- bigger -- biggest
Hot -- hotter -- hottest Thin -- thinner -- thinnest
Sad -- sadder -- saddest Fat -- fatter -- fattest
Beautiful -- more beautiful -- most beautiful Difficult -- more difficult -- most difficult
Industrious -- more industrious -- most industrious Courageous -- more courageous -- most courageous

The following take either "er" and "est" or "more" and "most". :

  1. polite, simple, feeble, gentle, narrow, cruel, common, handsome, pleasant, stupid

  2. E.g:"She is politer/more polite than her sister." AND "He is the politest/most polite of them."

The following Adjectives are compared irregularly, i.e., their Comparative and Superlative are not formed from the Positive:-

Positive - Comparative - Superlative Positive - Comparative - Superlative
Good, well -- better -- best Bad, evil, ill -- worse -- worst
Little -- less, lesser -- least Much -- more -- most (quantity)
Many -- more -- most (number) Late -- later, latter -- latest, last
Old -- older, elder -- oldest, eldest Far -- farther -- farthest
(Nigh) -- (nigher) -- (nighest), next (Fore) -- (former) -- foremost, first
(Fore) -- further -- furthest (In) -- inner -- inmost, innermost
(Up) -- upper -- upmost, uppermost (Out) -- outer, (utter) -- utmost, uttermost