A Conjunction is a word which merely joins together sentences, and sometimes words. Conjunctions join together sentences and often make them more compact
Some Conjunction are used in pairs
Either-or -- Either take it or leave it.
Neither-nor -- It is neither useful nor ornamental.
Both-and -- We both love and honour him
Though-yet (rare in current English) -- Though he is suffering much pain, yet he does not complain.
Whether-or -- I do not care whether you go or stay.
Not only-But also -- Not only he is foolish, but also obstinate.
|You will not succeed unless you work harder.||unless|
|We arrived after you had gone||after|
|I waited till the train arrived.||till|
|Bread and milk is wholesome food.||and|
|You will get the prize if you deserve it-||if|
|When you are called, you must come in at||when|
|Do not go before I come.||before|
|I cannot give you any money, for I have none||for|
|Since you say so, I must believe it.||since|
|He fled lest he should be killed.||lest|
|Be just --- fear not.||and|
|I ran fast, --- I missed the train.||but|
|He fled, --- he was afraid.||for|
|Make haste, --- you will be late.||or / else/ otherwise|
|--- you try, you will not succeed||unless|
|I am sure --- he said so||that|
|Wait --- I return.||till|
|Do not go --- I come.||till|
|He finished first --- he began late.||though / although|
|Take care --- you fall||lest|
|Take a lamp, --- the night is dark.||as / because|
|---he was ambitious I slew him.||as / because|
|Open rebuke is better --- secret love.||than|
|--- you eat too much you will be ill.||if|
|I shall not go --- I am invited.||unless|
|He came before me.||Preposition|
|He came two hours before.||Adverb|
|He came before I left.||Conjunction|
|Have you ever seen him since?||Adverb|
|I have not seen him since Monday.||Preposition|
|I have not seen him since he was a child.||Conjunction|
|Man wants but little here below.||Adverb|
|He yearns for nothing but money.||Preposition|
|We shall go, but you will remain||Conjunction|
|He arrived after the meeting was adjourned.||Conjunction|
|He arrived after the meeting.||Preposition|
|He arrived soon after.||Adverb|
An Interjection is a word which expresses some sudden feeling or emotion.
Hello! What are you doing there?
Alas! He is dead.
Hurrah! We have won the game.
Ah! Have they gone?
Oh! I got such a fright.
Hush! Don't make a noise.
Such words as Hello! Alas! Hurrah! Ah! etc. are called Interjections
They are used to express some sudden feeling or emotion. It will be noticed that they are not grammatically related to the other words in a sentence.
ha! What! bravo! Ah me! For shame! Well done! Good gracious!