Chapter 11: INDIAN ORGANIZATIONS
Animal Welfare Board of India
The board is a statutory advisory body created under the
Prevention of cruelty to animals act. Such a body was unique
to the world. It was setup in 1962 to advice on animal
welfare laws and policy making. HQ - Chennai. Board has 28
members with a three year term but can be renewed.
Functions and Powers:
- To advice central government on an amendments needed in
the Prevention of cruelty to animals act.
- Advice center and state on rules to be made for animal
- Establish centers or provide grants to centers for
rescue homes and animal shelters.
- Devise humane ways for slaughtering of animals by local
authorities and slaughter houses.
Central Zoo Authority
Statutory body under Wildlife Protection Act to regulate
and form standards for establishment and recognition of zoos
and ensure welfare of animals in them.
- To set standards for upkeep of zoos and recognise and
- Assign endangered species to zoos for nurturing.
- To undertake training programs for zoo personnel,
coordinate and research in captive breeding, provide
technical and other assistance to zoos.
- To undertake other actions with regards to zoos as may
be necessary under the act.
National Biodiversity Authority
Biodiversity Act, 2002 has created NBA and state
biodiversity boards and biodiversity management committees.
It is created to ensure fair and equitable benefits sharing
that arise out of research on Indian biodiversity. Anyone
seeking to obtain intellectual property rights to knowledge
obtained out of research on biological resources has to
obtain permission of NBA. NBA can impose conditions for
approving grant of approvals. It also advices state
governments to denote certain natural sites as heritage
State biodiversity boards grants approval
for bio-survey or bio-utilization or commercialization of
biological resource by Indians.At local level, Biodiversity
management committees are created for conservation,
sustainable use and documentation of biodiversity.
Wildlife Crime Control Bureau
Statutory body created under Wildlife protection act to
complement the efforts of states to prevent illegal
activities related to wildlife like smuggling, poaching.
- Collect, collate and disseminate intelligence and help
form wildlife data bank.
- Coordinate enforcement activities of various agencies
for implementing this act.
- Implementation of obligations under various
international conventions and protocols.
- Assistance to foreign agencies for wildlife crime
control, capacity building of officers and advice central
and state governments on policies and laws.
National Ganga river basin authority
Constituted under Environment protection act in 2009 as a
statutory body headed by the PM. The main functions are
conservation and abatement of pollution of Ganga the
national river. Chief ministers of a few states through
which the river passes are also members. Authority has
development and regulatory functions.
Collection and dissemination of information, implement
conservation of river basin, reduction of pollution by
issuing directives are its main functions. The ministry in
charge of this body is Water resources ministry.
National Green Tribunal
It was created under the NGT Act for handling all cases related to Environmental issues.
It can have 20 members each from Judicial background and Expert members. It has powers of a civil court and is guided by Principles of Natural Justice. The judicial members have to be SC Judge or Chief Justice of High courts. Appeals against the orders of NGT have to be made to SC and within 90 days.
The cases filed under NGT have to be disposed within 6 months. HQ - Delhi with regional benches at Bhopal, Pune, Kolkata and Chennai.
National Board of Wildlife
It is constituted under the Wildlife Protection Act. PM is the chairman of the board and the vice chairman is the Union minister for Environment and forests.
The other members are MP's, Secretaries of the government of India from relevant departments, ecologists, conservationists , heads of Research institutes etc.
Functions of the Board:
- Carry out Environment impact assessment for projects.
- Making recommendations on the setting up of and management of national parks, sanctuaries and other protected areas.
- Decide on restriction of activities in those protected areas;
- Reviewing the progress of measures taken for wildlife safety.
- Frame policies for wildlife protection, forests and curbing illegal poaching.
- No state can alter a Tiger reserve without approval of this body.
- Publish reports on state of wild life in India.
Genetic Engineering Advisory Committee
It works under the Dept of Biotechnology, Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate change.
It approves field trials for genetically modified crops.
It can revoke, prohibit and take punitive action for non compliance.
It approves use of microbes in research, production from environmental point.
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