Chapter 1: CHINA AND JAPAN
china are Tibetan plateau, Yunnan plateau and loess plateau.
1/3rd of china is mountainous and 90% of china lives on the
1: Plateaus of China
northern china is Laurentian type in the
north and china type in the south.
climate sees rainfall throughout the year, in summer intense
heating in central Asia which attracts the south east monsoon
rain. In winter the Siberian plateau becomes high pressure zone
and cold air flows outwards as northwest winds lead to snowfall
and rain on windward side of mountains.
also due to typhoons in late summer.
2: Rainfall in China
long growing season and warm temperature are seen in china type
climate. Evergreen vegetation have broadleaved forest with
grass, fern, bamboos and palms.
is practiced and China is the largest producer of rice, wheat,
rapeseed, silk, cotton and groundnut. Around 10-15% of China is
(yellow river) is a perennial river cutting across
the loess plateau. It is the highest sediment carrying river in
the world that shifts constantly. It is important for wheat
Yangtze river is
responsible for half of China's agricultural produce. 35%
population of China
lives along it. Highest navigable river in China.
Shanghai is the world busiest container port and financial
center of China.
Hydroelectricity is generated by dams on the river.
basin to the north of China
is a major cultivation area. It has rich black soil and
is major producer of soya bean, wheat. Petroleum, coal, uranium
are found in this region.
Fig 3: Rivers of China
23 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, 4 centrally administrative
region and 2 special administrative region.
of China is present in the eastern region. 2Nd
largest reserve of coal in the world. 2/3rd of the coal reserves
are present there. Iron and petroleum reserves are located also
in the east.
the largest producer of tin in the world
elements are produced by China
and it has a monopoly. 90% of it comes from China.
Rare earth metals are used in gadgets, camera lenses, magnets,
solar panels and missile defense systems.
the rare earth reserve of China
a large amount of toxic acids are needed. 2000 tons of
waste is generated for 1 ton of rare earth metals. China
imposing tariff restrictions on rare earth to generate funds to
reduce the environmental damage. India is 2nd largest
rare earth element producer.
Japan are separated by the Korean strait, sea of china and la
Perouse strait. Japan is at the junction of three plates which
have collided. The ocean ocean plate collision has created
volcanic mountains in japan. The possibility of earthquakes and
tsunamis are higher in japan.
Fig 4: Japan
the population lives on the eastern coast of japan. 80% of the
topography is rugged. No large river system in japan.
5: Japanese demography
part of china is Laurentian type and southern part of japan is
south east monsoon in summer and north west monsoon in winter
is cultivable so indoor farming is practiced. LED's are used
of japan is well developed. It is one of the largest in the
world. Deep sea fishing, aqua culture, artificial insemination
and modern hatching techniques.
shelf, temperate waters, indented coastline and meeting of
warm and cold currents have led to this.
the largest importer of coal, natural gas and oil. 95% of iron,
tin, copper needed for domestic demand is imported. Copper,
petrol, iron reserves are seen in japan.
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