Chapter 2: RUSSIA AND SOUTH EAST ASIA
the biggest country in the world with total 8 time zones. The
ports of Russia allow it access to Baltic sea, Caspian sea, sea
of japan and Barents sea. Ural mountains separate Asia from
region is the extensive region of Russia. It is a source of
natural gas and petroleum for the world. Central Siberian region
is extensive petroleum reserve.
are navigable but only in summer. They freeze at the mouth of
the arctic region. Lake Baikal is the largest freshwater
lake in the world.
Fig 1: Russia topography
arctic climate most prevalent – Tundra and Taiga.
an important staple food and crop of Russia. Agriculture has
limited growing period.
the largest diamond producer and 2nd in arms
export. It has the largest reserve of natural gas and 2nd
largest in coal. It is the largest exporter of crude oil. 40%
of nickel reserve.
Fig 2: Coal fields
Fig 3: Oil fields
South east Countries:
4: South east Asia
three main rivers Irrawaddy [rice bowl of Myanmar], Chindwin and
Salween [largest]. Tropic of cancer passes only through Myanmar
in South east Asia.
never colonized. The main geographical regions are Korat
plateau, Dawna range and isthmus of Kra. The Mekong river
[longest in SE Asia; known as lifeline of Cambodia] forms
boundary between Thailand and Laos. The other river is
Chao Phraya [lifeline of Thailand].
has 7500 islands with manila located on the largest one. Manila
is the HQ of Asian development bank. Worlds highest disaster
in the world with 13500 islands. Java is the most
populated island of the world. 2/3rd area is under forest.
Coffee, rubber and oil plantations are seen. Only this country
has land south of equator in the SE countries.
is more populated than the east. Oil, gas reserves and rubber
plantations are famous.
density in the world. It is a city state and located on the
straight of Malacca.
countries receive rainfall from south west monsoon. Island
nations get equatorial climate. Typhoons in summer are seen.
Economy of SE Asian countries
the main occupation except in Singapore and Brunei. Wet paddy
cultivation is done. Rubber, palm oil, cocoa are crops grown
here. Malaysia and Thailand have advanced agricultural practices
but not in Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam.
Indonesia are responsible for half of the tin production in the
Q.What is the correct sequence of occurrence of the following cities in South-East Asia as one proceeds from south to north? 1.Bangkok 2.Hanoi 3.Jakarta 4.Singapore Select the correct answer using the code given below. (UPSC CSAT 2014)
Ans . C
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