Chapter 3: WEST ASIA
Yemen, Oman, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, Israel, turkey,
Bahrain, Qatar are countries. Arabian peninsula is the largest
in the world. In the eastern parts there is salt desert, western
parts there is sandy desert.
Fig 1: West Asia
Euphrates are lifelines of Iraq. Jordan river forms boundary
between Israel and Jordan. But its a shallow, meandering river
which cant be used for navigation.
Fig 1a: Bosphorus strait between Turkey and Europe
Hormuz is between Iran and UAE connects Persian gulf with Gulf
of Oman and then Arabian sea.
Fig 2: Strait of Hormuz
Aqaba connects red sea with Israel, gulf of Suez connects red
sea with Mediterranean sea.
Fig 2: Gulf of Aqaba and Suez
the western part have Mediterranean climate and on eastern part
have tropical climate.
½ of World's oil reserve and 40% of worlds natural gas reserve
is found here. India's has top sources of crude oil are Saudi
Arabia and then Iraq. Top natural gas sources are Qatar and
3: Oil, Natural Gas in Middle east and World
Q.Which one of the following countries of South-West Asia does not open out to the Mediterranean Sea? (UPSC CSAT 2015)
Ans . B
Q.The area known as ‘Golan Heights’ sometimes appears in the news in the context of the events related to: (UPSC CSAT 2015)
Ans . B
Q.Turkey is located between (UPSC CSAT 2014)
Black Sea and Caspian Sea
Black Sea and Mediterranean Sea
Gulf of Suez and Mediterranean Sea
Gulf of Aqaba and Dead Sea
Ans . B
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