Chapter 9: ERA OF CONGRESS
Pre - Congress Era
congress was born as a culmination of a process started in
1860 and 1870s and reached pinnacle in the 1880s. The
youth had started entering into radical nationalist
politics and wanted formation of newer organizations that
had replaced older ones.
banerjee and Anand Mohan Bose founded on these lines the
Indian Association and were organizing All India
National Congress and were planning a second one. Due to
this Surendranath banerjee couldn’t attend the founding
session of the congress in Mumbai in 1885.
agitation s in the preceding years had encouraged Indians
viz. cotton import duties protest, afghan was, Illbert
bill controversy [ Indian judges could try Europeans],
vernacular press act of Lord Lytton, arms act. These
didn’t achieve results as they weren’t coordinated on an
All India level.
Creation of the Congress
O. Hume was instrumental in establishing it. WC Banerjee
was the first president. The first meeting took place in
Bombay shifted from pune due to outbreak of plague.
was chosen as he was of high ideals. The leaders
cooperated with Hume as they didn’t want to arouse
official hostility at this period. They felt that the
colonial state wouldn’t suppress an organization if its
founder was a British.
other opinion was that Hume had hoped to create the
congress as a safety valve for public discontent
against the British but this theory was rejected by
Objectives of the
leaders of the congress wanted to build a secular nation.
And lay foundation of a secular and democratic national
was to create a common political program or platform
around which political workers could gather and conduct
their political activities, educating and mobilizing
people around all India basis.
indigenization of political democracy.
and propagate anti colonial nationalist ideology
Q.Consider the following statements :
1. The first woman President of the Indian National Congress was Sarojini Naidu.
2. The first Muslim President of the Indian National Congress was Badruddin Tyabji
Which of the statements given above is/are correct? (UPSC CSAT 2015)
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
Ans . B
First woman President of INC was Annie Besant.
First male President was W.C. Banerjee. First Muslim male President was Badruddin Tyabji.
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