UPSC conducts recruitment
examination for 12th pass-outs to the National Defence
academy and Naval Academy. Usually age limit is 17-20 years.
How to use upscfever.com for preparation
NDA has the following subjects for preparation:
Applications can be made in the month of January.
Fig 1: Scheme
The SSB procedure consists of two stage Selection
process - stage I and stage II. Only those candidates
who clear the stage I are permitted to appear for stage
The details are :
(a) Stage I comprises of Officer Intelligence Rating
(OIR) tests are Picture Perception * Description Test
(PP&DT). The candidates will be shortlisted based on
combination of performance in OIR Test and PP&DT.
(b) Stage II Comprises of Interview, Group Testing
Officer Tasks, Psychology Tests and the Conference.
These tests are conducted over 4 days.
The details of these tests are given on the website
www.joinindianarmy.nic.in. The personality of a
candidate is assessed by three different assessors viz.
The Interviewing Officer (IO), Group Testing Officer
(GTO) and the Psychologist. There are no separate
weighage for each test. The marks are allotted by
assessors only after taking into consideration the
performance of the candidate holistically in all the
test. In addition, marks for Conference are 22 also
allotted based on the initial performance of the
Candidate in the three techniques and decision of the
Board. All these have equal weightage. The various tests
of IO, GTO and Psych are designed to bring out the
presence/absence of Officer Like Qualities and their
trainability in a candidate. Accordingly candidates are
Recommended or Not Recommended at the SSB.
Fig 2: Promotional avenues
Training for Shortlisted Candidates
The selected candidates for the three
services, viz., Army, Navy and Air Force are given
preliminary training both academic and physical
for a period of 3 years at the National Defence
Academy which is an Inter-Service Institution.
The training during the first two and half years is
common to the cadets of three wings. The cadets on
passing out will be awarded B.Sc./B. Sc.
(Computer)/B.A. degree from Jawaharlal Nehru
The selected candidates of the Naval Academy will be
given preliminary training both academic and
physical, for a period of 04 years at Indian Naval
Academy, Ezhimala. The cadets of 10+2 Cadet Entry
Scheme will be awarded a B. Tech Degree on
successful completion of training.
On passing out from the National Defence Academy,
Army Cadets go to the Indian Military Academy, Dehra
Dun, Naval Cadets to Indian Naval Academy, Ezhimala
and Air Force cadets to AFA, HYDERABAD.
At the I.M.A. Army Cadets are known as Gentlemen
Cadets and are given strenuous military training for
a period of one year aimed at turning officer
capable of leading infantry Sub-units. On successful
completion of training Gentlemen Cadets are granted
Permanent Commission in the rank of Lt subject to
being medically fit in "SHAPE" one.
The Naval cadets are selected for the Executive
Branch of the Navy, on passing out from the National
Defence Academy and are given further training at
Indian Naval Academy, Ezhimala for a period of one
year on successful completion of which they are
promoted to the rank of Sub Lieutenants.
Air Force Cadets receive flying training for a
period of 1½ years. However, at the end of 1 year of
training they are given provisional Commission in
the rank of Flying Officer. After successful
completion of further training of six months they
are absorbed as permanent commissioned officers on
probation for a period of one year.
B. SYLLABUS OF THE EXAMINATION
(Code No. 01)
Concept of set, operations on sets, Venn diagrams.
De Morgan laws, Cartesian product, relation, equivalence
relation. Representation of real numbers on a line.
properties, modulus, argument, cube roots of unity. Binary
numbers. Conversion of a number in decimal system to
binary system and
vice-versa. Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic
equations with real coefficients. Solution of linear
inequations of two
variables by graphs. Permutation and Combination. Binomial
theorem and its
applications. Logarithms and their applications.
2. MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS : Types of matrices,
operations on matrices. Determinant of a matrix, basic
properties of determinants. Adjoint and inverse of a
Applications-Solution of a system of linear equations in
two or three
unknowns by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method.
3. TRIGONOMETRY : Angles and their measures in degrees and
in radians. Trigonometrical
ratios. Trigonometric identities Sum and difference
formulae. Multiple and
Sub-multiple angles. Inverse trigonometric functions.
and distance, properties of triangles.
4. ANALYTICAL GEOMETRY OF TWO AND THREE DIMENSIONS:
Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system. Distance formula.
of a line in various forms. Angle between two lines.
Distance of a point from a
line. Equation of a circle in standard and in general
form. Standard forms of
parabola, ellipse and hyperbola. Eccentricity and axis of
a conic. Point in a
three dimensional space, distance between two points.
Direction Cosines and
direction ratios. Equation two points. Direction Cosines
and direction ratios.
Equation of a plane and a line in various forms. Angle
between two lines and
angle between two planes. Equation of a sphere.
5. DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS : Concept of a real valued
function–domain, range and graph of a
function. Composite functions, one to one, onto and
inverse functions. Notion
of limit, Standard limits—examples. Continuity of
algebraic operations on continuous functions. Derivative
of function at a
point, geometrical and physical interpretation of a
Derivatives of sum, product and quotient of functions,
derivative of a
function with respect to another function, derivative of a
Second order derivatives. Increasing and decreasing
functions. Application of
derivatives in problems of maxima and minima.
6. INTEGRAL CALCULUS AND DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS :
Integration as inverse of differentiation, integration by
and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic
trigonometric, exponential and hyperbolic functions.
Evaluation of definite
integrals—determination of areas of plane regions bounded
applications. Definition of order and degree of a
differential equation, formation
of a differential equation by examples. General and
particular solution of a
differential equations, solution of first order and first
degree differential 18
equations of various types—examples. Application in
problems of growth
7. VECTOR ALGEBRA : Vectors in two and three dimensions,
magnitude and direction of a
vector. Unit and null vectors, addition of vectors, scalar
multiplication of a
vector, scalar product or dot product of two vectors.
Vector product or cross
product of two vectors. Applications—work done by a force
and moment of a
force and in geometrical problems.
8. STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY : Statistics :
Classification of data, Frequency distribution, cumulative
frequency distribution—examples. Graphical
Chart, frequency polygon—examples. Measures of Central
median and mode. Variance and standard
comparison. Correlation and regression. Probability :
Random experiment, outcomes and associated sample space,
events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events,
impossible and certain
Union and Intersection of events. Complementary,
composite events. Definition of probability—classical and
examples. Elementary theorems on probability—simple
Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem—simple problems.
as function on a sample space. Binomial distribution,
examples of random
experiments giving rise to Binominal distribution.
GENERAL ABILITY TEST
(Code No. 02)
Part ‘A’—ENGLISH (Maximum Marks—200)
The question paper in English will be designed to test the
understanding of English and workman like use of words.
covers various aspects like : Grammar and usage,
and cohesion in extended text to test the candidate’s
proficiency in English.
Part ‘B’—GENERAL KNOWLEDGE (Maximum Marks—400)
The question paper on General Knowledge will broadly cover
subjects : Physics, Chemistry, General Science, Social
Studies, Geography and
- The syllabus given below is designed to indicate the
of these subjects included in this paper. The topics
mentioned are not to be
regarded as exhaustive and questions on topics of similar
specifically mentioned in the syllabus may also be asked.
answers are expected to show their knowledge and
of the subject. 19
Section ‘A’ (Physics) Physical Properties and States of
Matter, Mass, Weight, Volume,
Density and Specific Gravity, Principle of Archimedes,
Pressure Barometer. Motion of objects, Velocity and
Acceleration, Newton’s Laws of
Motion, Force and Momentum, Parallelogram of Forces,
Equilibrium of bodies, Gravitation, elementary ideas of
work, Power and
Energy. Effects of Heat, Measurement of Temperature and
Heat, change of
State and Latent Heat, Modes of transference of Heat.
Sound waves and their properties, Simple musical
instruments. Rectilinear propagation of Light, Reflection
Spherical mirrors and Lenses, Human Eye. Natural and
Artificial Magnets, Properties of a Magnet, Earth as a
Magnet. Static and Current Electricity, conductors and
Ohm’s Law, Simple Electrical Circuits, Heating, Lighting
and Magnetic effects
of Current, Measurement of Electrical Power, Primary and
Use of X-Rays. General Principles in the working of the
following: Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon,
Levers, Balloon, Pumps,
Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone,
Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s
Conductors, Safety Fuses.
Section ‘B’ (Chemistry) Physical and Chemical changes.
Elements, Mixtures and
Compounds, Symbols, Formulae and simple Chemical
Equations, Law of
Chemical Combination (excluding problems). Properties of
Air and Water. Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen,
Oxygen, Nitrogen and
Carbondioxide, Oxidation and Reduction.
Acids, bases and salts.
Fertilizers—Natural and Artificial.
Material used in the preparation of substances like Soap,
Glass, Ink, Paper,
Cement, Paints, Safety Matches and Gun-Powder. 20
Elementary ideas about the structure of Atom, Atomic
Molecular Weights, Valency.
Section ‘C’ (General Science)
Difference between the living and non-living.
Basis of Life—Cells, Protoplasms and Tissues.
Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals.
Elementary knowledge of Human Body and its important
Common Epidemics, their causes and prevention.
Food—Source of Energy for man. Constituents of food,
The Solar System—Meteors and Comets, Eclipses.
Achievements of Eminent Scientists.
Section ‘D’ (History, Freedom Movement etc.)
A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture
Freedom Movement in India.
Elementary study of Indian Constitution and
Elementary knowledge of Five Year Plans of India.
Panchayati Raj, Co-operatives and Community Development.
Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare
State, Basic Teachings
of Mahatma Gandhi.
Forces shaping the modern world; Renaissance, Exploration
Discovery; War of American Independence. French
Revolution and Russian Revolution. Impact of Science and
Society. Concept of one World, United Nations, Panchsheel,
Socialism and Communism. Role of India in the present
Section ‘E’ (Geography) The Earth, its shape and size.
Lattitudes and Longitudes, Concept of
time. International Date Line. Movements of Earth and
their effects. Origin of Earth. Rocks and their
Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and Volcanoes.
21 Ocean Currents and Tides Atmosphere and its
Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Planetary Winds,
Anti-cyclones; Humidity; Condensation and Precipitation;
Types of Climate,
Major Natural regions of the World. Regional Geography of
India—Climate, Natural vegetation. Mineral
and Power resources; location and distribution of
agricultural and Industrial
activities. Important Sea ports and main sea, land and air
routes of India. Main
items of Imports and Exports of India.
Section ‘F’ (Current Events) Knowledge of Important events
that have happened in India in the
recent years. Current important world events. Prominent
personalities—both Indian and International including
those connected with cultural activities and sports.
NOTE : Out of maximum marks assigned to part ‘B’ of this
paper, questions on
Sections ‘A’, ‘B’, ‘C’, ‘D’, ‘E’ and ‘F’ will carry
approximately 25%, 15%, 10%,
20%, 20% and 10% weightages respectively.
Intelligence and Personality Test
The SSB procedure consists of two stage Selection process
- stage I and
stage II. Only those candidates who clear the stage I are
permitted to appear
for stage II. The details are :
(a) Stage I comprises of Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR)
tests are Picture
Perception * Description Test (PP&DT). The candidates
will be shortlisted
based on combination of performance in OIR Test and
(b) Stage II Comprises of Interview, Group Testing Officer
Tests and the Conference. These tests are conducted over 4
days. The details
of these tests are given on the website
www.joinindianarmy.nic.in. The personality of a candidate
is assessed by three different assessors
viz. The Interviewing Officer (IO), Group Testing Officer
(GTO) and the
Psychologist. There are no separate weighage for each
test. The mks are
allotted by assessors only after taking into consideration
the performance of
the candidate holistically in all the test. In addition,
marks for Conference are also allotted based on the
initial performance of the Candidate in the three
techniques and decision of the Board. All these have equal
weightage. The various tests of IO, GTO and Psych are
designed to bring out the
presence/absence of Officer Like Qualities and their
trainability in a
candidate. Accordingly candidates are Recommended or Not
at the SSB.