Government of India and the Ministry of Electronics and IT has launched 5 important cyber security apps to combat the increasing growth of cyber crimes on the country's infrastructure. This has become important due to recent growth of financial transactions using online modes.

The Computer Emergency Response Team - India has taken the initiative to launch these apps.

However though these apps are free they are available to be used on Microsoft Windows Operating system and so are against the government's policy to use open source technologies.

Tools are part of the initiative of Cyber Swachhata Kendra - A platform of CERT - In and banks with internet service providers, to enable early response to attacks.

Namely they include:

  1. M- kavach - mobile security for android phones
  2. Browser JS Guard - Browser extension that uses heuristics to warn users visiting malicious webpages.
  3. App samvid - Control the programs that can be allowed to execute on a computer.
  4. USB Pratirodh - Blocks and disables unauthorized pen drives or USB sticks to be attached to the computer.
  5. Bot removal - To prevent denial of service attacks on a server or resource.

The above applications were built by Quick heal anti virus company and Centre for Development of advanced computing C-DAC.

Trojans - These are programs that enter a computer by appearing to be harmless files. They execute on a computer and are used for stealing data.

Worm is a self-replicating virus that does not alter files but resides in active memory and duplicates itself. Worms use parts of an operating system that are automatic and usually invisible to the user.

Malware - Software which is specifically designed to disrupt, damage, or gain authorized access to a computer system.

A computer virus is a type of malicious software program ("malware") that, when executed, replicates by reproducing itself or infecting other computer programs