Chapter 10: DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY
Borrowed from the Irish
constitution. They are similar to the Instruments of
Instruction of Govt of India Act,
1935. They seek to establish a welfare state and lay
foundations of social and
political democracy in India. They are non justifiable and
are not legally enforceable
However if courts feel that a law
gives effect to a directive principle then such a law can
be protected from
Directive principles are Gandhian
[represent program of reconstruction], socialist [reflect
socialism] and liberal-intellectual [represent ideology of
New directives were added by 42nd,
44th, 86th and 97th
These were made non justifiable
as country didn’t possess the financial resources,
presence of diversity and
backwardness in India would interfere with
Articles of the directive principles of
to secure a social order for
the promotion of welfare of the people.
principles of policy to be
followed by the State.
justice and free legal aid
to work, to education and to
public assistance in certain cases.
Provision for just and humane
conditions of work and maternity relief.
wage, etc., for workers.
of workers in
management of industries.
civil code for the
for free and compulsory
education for children.
of educational and
economic interests of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled
Tribes and other weaker
of the State to raise the
level of nutrition and the standard of living and to
improve public health.
of agriculture and
and improvement of
environment and safeguarding of forests and wild life.
of monuments and places
and objects of national importance.
of judiciary from
of international peace
Q. Which principle among the ‘following was added to the Directive Principles of State Policy by the 42nd Amendment to the Constitution? (UPSC CSAT 2017)
Equal pay for equal work for both men and women
Participation of workers in the management of industries
Right to work, education and public assistance
Securing living wage and human conditions of work to workers
Ans . B
The 42nd Amendment Act of 1976 added four new Directive Principles to the original list. They
require the State: 1. To secure opportunities for healthy development of children (Article 39).
2. To promote equal justice and to provide free legal aid to the poor (Article 39 A).
3. To take steps to secure the participation of workers in the management of industries (Article 43 A).
4. To protect and improve the environment and to safeguard forests and wild life (Article 48 A).
Q. Consider the following statements:
With reference to the Constitution of India, the Directive Principles of State Policy constitute limitations upon
1. legislative function.
2. executive function.
Which of the above statements is/are correct? (UPSC CSAT 2017)
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
Ans . D
These are the constitutional instructions or recommendations to the State in legislative, executive and administrative matters.
Q.Consider the following Statements regarding the DPSP/ Directive Principles of State Policy:
1. The Principles spell out the socio-economic democracy in the country
2. The provisions contained in these Principles are not enforceable by any court.
Which of the statements given below are correct? (UPSC CSAT 2015)
Both 1 & 2
Neither 1 nor 2
Ans . C
Socio-economic democracy is spelt out because it provides for the idea of a welfare state. For e.g. consider Article 39 (b) and (c) which provide for minimizing inequalities in income and wealth; and ensuring that the wealth is not concentrated in the hands of few. While other article provide for the health of children, rights of working women etc.
DPSP is not enforceable by courts. Only Fundamental rights can be enforced by the courts.
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