Chapter 11: FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES
These were added by the 42nd
amendment in 1976. The list was created on recommendation
of Swaran Singh
committee. They are influenced from the USSR
constitution. None of the
democratic countries except Japan have fundamental duties
as a part of their
constitutions. It is feature common in constitutions of
The codify tasks integral to the Indian way
of life. Most of these duties are moral and others are
They are applicable to citizens only and not
aliens both friendly or enemy.
Articles on the Fundamental Duties
Article 51 a, it shall be the
duty of every citizen of India:
(a) To abide by the Constitution
and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag
and the National Anthem;
(b) To cherish and follow the
noble ideals that inspired the national struggle for
(c) To uphold and protect the
sovereignty, unity and integrity of India;
(d) To defend the country and
render national service when called upon to do so;
(e) To promote harmony and the
spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of
India Transcending religious,
linguistic and regional or sectional diversities and to
renounce Practices derogatory to the
dignity of women;
(f) To value and preserve the
rich heritage of the country’s composite culture;
(g) To protect and improve the
natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and
wildlife And to have compassion for living
(h) To develop scientific temper,
humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform;
(i) To safeguard public property
and to abjure violence;
(j) To strive towards excellence
in all spheres of individual and collective activity so
that the Nation constantly rises to higher
levels of endeavor and achievement; and
(k) To provide opportunities for
education to his child or ward between the age of six and
fourteen Years. This duty was added by the
86th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2002.
They are non justifiable or non enforceable
by courts. However parliament can enforce them by law.
Q. (UPSC CSAT 2017)Which of the following statements is/are true of the Fundamental Duties of an Indian citizen?
1. A legislative process has been provided to enforce these duties.
2. They are correlative to legal duties.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
Ans . D
No legal process present to enforce all the duties. They are not correlated to legal duties given by different Acts.
Q. In the context of India, which one of the following is the correct relationship between Rights and Duties? (UPSC CSAT 2017)
Rights are correlative with Duties
Rights are personal and hence independent of society and Duties.
Rights, not Duties, are important for the advancement of the personality of the citizen.
Duties, not Rights, are important for the stability of the State.
Ans . A
Rights and duties are correlative i.e. related to each other and inseparable.
Q."To uphold and protect the Sovereignty Unity and Integrity of India" is a provision made in the (UPSC CSAT 2015)
Ans . D
It has been mentioned in Article 51-A of the Constitution (Fundamental Duties).
Score more than 80% marks and move ahead else stay back and read again!