Chapter 16: INTER STATE RELATIONS
Inter State water relations
Interstate water disputes can be
adjudicated by a tribunal established under the
inter-state water disputes act,
enacted under Article 262.
Central government can form a tribunal within
year of receiving a complaint from an affected state for
matters related to
river valley or Inter-state River.
The tribunal has to decide on the matter
with three years with an extension of two years.
No Indian court can intervene
in the matters of the tribunal [even the SC].
After the verdict is passed it
becomes binding on all parties and a settled dispute can’t
be reopened. However
states can appeal under the special leave jurisdiction of
8 tribunals has
been formed so far.
River board’s act too has been
enacted under this article to provide for a body to
regulate and develop river
valleys and interstate rivers. No such board has been
formed so far.
Government to replace the interstate water dispute tribunal with a permanent tribunal to adjudicate all disputes. The existing practice of appointing a tribunal once a dispute arises shall stop. The permanent tribunal shall have regional benches too. Currently whenever a dispute arises the disputing parties inform the center to constitute a tribunal. The center constitutes one if it feels that the differences are irreconcilable and all other remedies are exhausted. So far 8 tribunals were constituted and gave their awards. But a new dispute has emerged between Chhattisgarh and Odisha over water sharing of Mahanadi.
In the second part of this restructuring of Water conservation agencies, the Central Water Commission and Central Ground Water Board shall be subsumed or replaced by a National Water Commission. This shall maintain the databank of water related information like irrigation areas, rainfall, water flow etc. This is needed because the data collection starts whenever a dispute arises. Hence this body shall store data on real time basis and adjudication of disputes shall be faster.
Inter State Council
President can establish an
interstate council under Article 263 for coordination
between states and center
or states. He can specify the composition, duties and
procedure. As per the
constitution the functions are:
and investigate on disputes that may arise between states.
and discuss matters of interest to states or center and
on subjects that need better coordination of policy and
The body is advisory and
recommendations are not binding.
An interstate council of centre
state relations with PM [chairman] + chief ministers of
states and UT’s +
administrators of UT’s + 6 central cabinet ministers + 5
cabinet ministers of centre
/ ministers of states chosen by the PM are members was
created on 1990.
Score more than 80% marks and move ahead else stay back and read again!