Chapter 17: PUBLIC ACTS, RECORDS AND ZONAL COUNCILS
Public Acts and Records
Public acts, records and judicial
proceedings of states and centre have full faith and
credit throughout the
territory of India.
Final judgments of civil courts only [not
are capable of execution in any part of India.
Interstate trade and commerce
Interstate trade, commerce and
intercourse shall remain free throughout the country.
The article also covers
intra state trade and commerce. Hence no barriers on trade
can be imposed at
state boundaries or within. This has been done to created
a unified market and
provide free flow of trade.
However under public interest
parliament can restrict the freedom of trade within a
state or between states
but it can’t discriminate between states.
State legislatures can impose restrictions on
freedom of trade but such
a law can be introduced in the house only after
can impose taxes on goods of other states only if same
taxes are applicable to
goods produced within it.
Parliament can pass a law giving a state or
monopoly for a particular business activity i.e.
Parliament can appoint an
authority for carrying out above purpose of carrying out
provisions related to
freedom of trade and commerce and putting restrictions
on it. It can also
confer suitable powers on such a body. However such a
body hasn’t been formed
These are statutory bodies formed
by the State Reorganization Act, 1956
for five zones north, south, east, west
and central. A separate act created north eastern zonal
minister is chairman + vice chairman is chief minister of
states in the zones by
rotation of 1 year + 2 ministers of each state +
administrators of UT’s.
advisory members with no voting powers are development
commissioners of states,
representative of planning commission and chief secretary
of state. These are
advisory bodies with non binding recommendations.
Functions of the Zonal Councils:
political equilibrium in the country.
after effects of the separation of states on linguistic
state coordination for socioeconomic matters. Exchange
of ideas and experience
to formulate uniform policies.
emotional integration in the country
growth of regionalism and linguism.
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