Chapter 2: MAKING OF THE CONSTITUTION
M. N. Roy first put forth the idea
of a Constituent Assembly. Congress demanded it officially
in 1935. The demand
was met in principle in August Offer, 1940. Cripps
proposal for constituent
assembly was rejected as Muslim league wanted two separate
However the Cabinet Mission plans of a single
was accepted by congress and Muslim league.
This was the executive council of
viceroy. Viceroy was the head and J Nehru was the
Vice-president as he was head
of the interim government.
Composition of the constituent assembly
Members of the constituent
assembly came from provincial assembly [direct election,
representation], princely state [nominated by princes].
Princely states did not
send members to the constituent assembly. Sachindanand
Sinha was elected as
temporary president of the constituent assembly. Later, Rajendra
Prasad and HC
Mukherjee became President and vice president of
Objective resolution by Nehru was
adopted unanimously and later was modified and adopted as
the preamble. By 42nd
amendment secular, socialist and integrity were added.
Members of the princely states
and Muslim league [ML] gradually participated in the
assembly but ML members
left after the Indian independence act, 1947. The
constituent assembly adopted
national flag, anthem, song, accepted membership to the
elected Rajendra prasad as first president of India. The
continued as the provincial parliament of India till the
Constitution Drafting committee:
Drafting committee of the
constitution consisted of seven members: BR Ambedkar
Ayyangar, Madhav Rau [replaced BL Mitter], Saadullah, KM
Munshi and TT Krishnamachari
Constitution was adopted on 26
November 1949; some provisions came into effect on same
day. Other provisions
are enforced from 26 Jan 1950 “date of commencement”. This
day was chosen as it
was the Purna Swaraj day, currently the republic day. BR
Ambedkar was the
father of the constitution.
of constituent assembly:
- Not a representative body [no direct
- Not a sovereign body [created under British
- Dominated by congress
- Time consuming
- Hindu dominated
- Lawyer-Politician dominated.
Q. Democracy’s superior virtue lies in the fact that it calls into activity (UPSC CSAT-2017)
the intelligence and character of ordinary men and women
the methods for strengthening executive leadership.
a superior individual with dynamism and vision.
a band of dedicated party workers
Ans . A
It is the decision of people that creates a democratic government and decides about its functioning.
Q. One of the implications of equality in society is the absence of (UPSC CSAT-2017)
Ans . A
First step towards bringing about equality is of course ending the formal system of inequality and privileges.
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