Chapter 21: VICE PRESIDENT

Introduction

It is the second highest position in the country.

Election:

He is elected by all MP’s of parliament [nominated + elected]. It is held in accordance with the system of proportional representation.

Re-election is allowed any number of times.

He cannot be an MP / MLA; if such a person is elected he may have to vacate his position in that house on joining office of vice president.

Terms and Conditions of Office:

He holds office for a term of 5 years but can continue even further till his successor joins.

He can resign in writing to the president.

Rajya Sabha can remove him an absolute majority which needs to be agreed by Lok Sabha with simple majority.

Since no grounds for removal are mentioned in the constitution he can be removed for any reason. No formal impeachment needed.

All electoral disputes are resolved by the Supreme Court whose decision is final. If the election is declared void then decisions made till then aren’t invalidated.

Qualifications:

  1. Citizen of India
  2. 35 and above yrs of age
  3. Qualified to be member of Rajya Sabha
  4. Doesn’t hold office of profit in India under any government or public authority.

 Powers and functions:

Vice president is the ex-officio chairman of the Rajya Sabha and has powers and functions similar to the speaker of the Lok Sabha.

In the event of the presidents inability to work due to any reasons or a vacancy in the office of the president due to any reason he can act as the president.

However this is only for 6 months till the next president is elected. Thus the office was created to maintain continuity in the Indian state.


Quiz

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