Chapter 32: LEGISLATIVE PROCEDURE IN THE STATE LEGISLATURES

     Ordinary bills

     With regards to ordinary bills, the procedure is same as parliament. The bills go through three readings and if it is passed by a simple majority it goes directly to the president [unicameral legislature] or to the second chamber [bicameral legislature]. Here the legislative assembly is highly powerful than the Lok Sabha.

     If the legislative council rejects the bill or passes it with amends or takes no action for three months, the bill goes to the legislative assembly again.

     The assembly may pass it again with or without amends. Then the bill goes to the legislative council where either it may be accepted or rejected or amended or no action is taken. After one month bill is sent back to legislative assembly. But this time the bill is deemed to have been passed in the form passed by the legislative assembly in the second time. It is sent to the governor.

      There is no provision for joint sittings to resolve deadlocks. Thus the legislative council can only withhold a bill for 4 months [3 months on first instance and 1 month on second]. Also if a bill passed by legislative council is disapproved by legislative assembly then it becomes dead.

    

    Constitutional Amendment referred for ratification by states:

If    A constitutional amendment bill referred to state legislatures for assent is considered by both state legislature houses. Here to the will of the legislative assembly prevails. It the legislative council rejects the amendment the assembly can pass it again as in case of non money bill. Approval of ordinances of the governor to has the domination of legislative assembly.

     Governor may give his assent or withhold his assent or send the bill back for reconsideration or reserve bill for the president’s consideration. If the bill sent for reconsideration is passed by both houses with or without amends the governor has to give his assent to it [Suspensive veto]. If the bill is reserved for presidents assent on it but is returned for reconsideration and the houses pass it again. It isn’t obligatory for the president to assent it. President can return a state bill any number of times. 

     Money Bill

      No money bill can be introduced without the governor’s recommendation. Such a bill is a government bill and can be introduced only by a minister. It can be introduced only in legislative assembly. The bill if passed goes to the legislative council. The council can only discuss it and make recommendation. It has to return bill in 14 days. The assembly may reject or accept such recommendations. The bill is then given to governor for assent. Governor may give or withhold it or sent it for president’s consideration. President too may give or withhold assent. But neither governor nor president can return the bill for reconsideration.

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