Chapter 34: SUBORDINATE COURTS
function below the high court’s at district or lower
for district judge:
should have been an advocate or pleader for 7 years.
should be recommended by high court.
already be in service of centre or state.
appointment, posting, promotion is made by Governor
after consultation with
High court. Other appointments of judicial service are
made by Governor after
consulting high court and state public service
commission. Appointments of
judicial service below district judge are made by high
judge (Civil cases) / Sessions judge (Criminal cases)
has highest judicial
position in district. He has original and appellate
jurisdiction over civil and
Fig 1: Hierarchy of indian courts
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