Chapter 49: STATE HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION
It shall inquire into violation
of human rights in respect of matters specified in state
list and concurrent
list. But if NHRC or any other statutory commission has
already inquired then
the SHRC doesn’t investigate into it. Objectives and
duties are same as NHRC.
It has chairman and two members.
Chairman should be retired chief justice of HC and members
should be a serving
or retired judge of HC or district judge with 7 years
experience and a person
of knowledge or practical experience in field of human
Chairperson and members of the SHRC are appointed by the
Governor, on the
recommendation of a committee consisting of:
Chief Minister (chairperson)
Leader of the Opposition in the legislative council
Leader of the Opposition in the legislative assembly
Speaker of the legislative assembly
Chairman of the legislative council
sitting judge of HC or sitting district judge can be
appointed only after
recommendations of CJ of high court. Once the members
cease to occupy office
they aren’t eligible for any appointment under central or
Members are eligible for reappointment subject to age
criteria. Term is 70 yrs
of age or 5 years.
is done by president on grounds of bankruptcy, unsound
mind, infirmity of body
or mind, sentenced to imprisonment for a crime, or engages
in paid employment.
He can also be removed for proved
misbehaviour or incapacity if SC inquiry
finds him guilty. They can resign by writing to governor.
commission has the power of a civil court and can take
cognizance of cases if
received within one year of occurrence.
It can recommend compensation to
victim, prosecution of accused. But such recommendations
submits special or annual reports to state legislatures
with action taken on their recommendations and reasons for
non acceptance of
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