Chapter 5: PREAMBLE
It shows general purpose behind
provisions of the constitutions. However it is
non justifiable and non enforceable
by courts. It is derived from the Objectives
Resolution proposed by Jawaharlal Nehru in the
It has amended once by the 42nd
amendment  to add the words
"socialist" and "secular" were added between the words
"Sovereign" and "democratic" and the words "unity of the
Nation" were changed to "unity and integrity of the
Preamble of India
Fig 1: Preamble
Features of the Preamble of India
Sovereign – Means that India is
an independent country and not a dominion of other. Free
to acquire and cede
its territory to other foreign country.
Socialist – Indian version of
socialism is democratic socialism unlike communism
socialism i.e. involving nationalization of industry and
abolition of private property.
In democratic socialism public and private
sector exist side by side. The aim is to eradicate
poverty, injustice and
inequality of opportunity. Indian socialism is a blend
of Marxism and Gandhism
leaning towards Gandhism.
Secular – All religions
irrespective of strength are having same status and
support from state.
Democratic – Supreme power is
with the people. In India, we have indirect democracy
where representatives of
people exercise power on their behalf. Indian democracy
has social, political
and economic democracy. Direct democracy is in
Switzerland. The devices of it
are referendum, initiative, recall, plebiscite.
Republic – It means that
of the state is not hereditary. Also the supreme power
is vested in the people
and there are no privileged class i.e. all offices are
open to all without
Justice – This is of three forms
Social (All are treated equally with discrimination),
Political (All have
access to all office and equal voice in government) and
discrimination on grounds of economic factors)
Liberty – Absence on restraints
on activities of individuals and also providing
opportunities for development
of individual personalities.
Equality – Absence of special
privileges to any section and provision of opportunities
for all without
Fraternity – Through a single
citizenship promote a feeling of brotherhood
irrespective of caste, religion,
sex, creed, and race. It means that the state has to
ensure unity and integrity
of nation along with dignity of the individual.
Q. Which one of the following objectives is not embodied in the Preamble to the Constitution of India? (UPSC CSAT-2017)
Liberty of thought
Liberty of expression
Liberty of belief
Ans . B
LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship are mentioned.
Q. The mind of the makers of the Constitution of India is reflected in which of the following?
The Fundamental Rights
The Directive Principles of State Policy
The Fundamental Duties
Ans . A
It contains the grand and noble vision of the Constituent Assembly, and reflects the dreams and aspirations of the founding fathers of the Constitution
Q.The ideal of “Welfare State” in the Indian Constitution is enshrined in its (UPSC CSAT 2015)
Ans . B
In a welfare State, the functions of the State are not only the defence of the country or administration of justice or maintaining law and order but it extends to regulating and controlling the activities of the people in almost every sphere—educational, commercial, social, economic, political and even marital.
DPSP thus promotes the ideal of a welfare state as it guides the state in making policies for the socio-economic well being of the people of India.
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