Chapter 6: UNION AND ITS TERRITORY
India is described as Union of
states not a federation as it is not formed due to an
agreement between states
like the American federation. Also the states can’t cede
from the union hence India
is an indestructible union of destructible states. The
states are created only
for convenience of administration.
Articles related to Union and its territory
Article 1: Territories of
include States, UT and any territory acquired by country.
The provisions of
states given in constitution are applicable to all states
Special provisions for certain states are given and also
scheduled areas and tribes.
Article 2: Admission or
establishment of states that are not in union of India.
Article 3: Alter the name
boundary of any state. Form a new state by uniting two or
more states or parts.
Provisions related to this Part
A bill under article 3 can be
introduced in parliament only after recommendation by
president. This approval
can be given only after referring the bill to the
concerned state assemblies.
If UT is involved then no need to refer the bill for
reference. The president isn’t
bound by the recommendation of the states.
The bill to alter names, territories
or create new states from existing is not considered as
parliament, hence can be passed with simple majority.
Cessation of a territory
doesn’t come under this article and needs a constitutional
settling a boundary dispute doesn’t need an amendment.
Q. Which one of the following is not a feature of Indian federalism? (UPSC CSAT 2017)
There is an independent judiciary in India.
Powers have been clearly divided between the Centre and the States.
The federating units have been given unequal representation in the Rajya Sabha
It is the result of an agreement among the federating units.
Ans . D
There was no agreement between the states to build a federation
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