Apart from those States which have merely changed their names (e.g.,
Madras has changed its name to Tamil Nadu; Mysore to Karnataka; United
Provinces was renamed Uttar Pradesh Immediately after the adoption of the
Constitution), there has been an addition of various items
In the list of States, the First Schedule to the Constitution, by reason of which a brief note
should be given as to the new items to make the reader familiar as to their
The State of Andhra' was created by the Andhra State Act, 1953,
Andhra Pradesh. comprising certain areas taken out of the State of
Madras, and It was renamed 'Andhra Pradesh' by the
States Reorganisation Act, 1956.
The Bombay Reorganisation Act, 1960 split up the State of Bombay
Gujarat. into two States, Gujarat and Maharashtra.
The State of Kerala was created by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956,
in place of the Part B State of Travancore-Cochin of the original constitution.
Nagaland was created a separate State by the State of Nagaland Act, 1962, by taking out the Naga Hills-Tuensang area out
of the State of Assam.
By the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966, the 17th State of the Union of India was constituted by the name of Haryana, by
carving out a part of the territory of the State of Punjab.
The State of Mysore was formed by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956, out of the original Part B State of Mysore. It has
been renamed, in 1973, as Karnataka.
Some of the Union Territories had of late, been demanding promotion to the status of a State. Of these, Himachal Pradesh
became the fore-runner on the enactment of the State
of Himachal Pradesh Act, 1970, by which Himachal Pradesh was added as
the 18th State in the list of States, and omitted from the list of Union
Territories, in the First Schedule of the Constitution.
In the same manner, Manipur and Tripura were lifted up from the
Manipur and status of Union Territories (original Part C States), by the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971.
Meghalaya was initially created a 'sub-State' or 'autonomous State' within the State of Assam, by the
Constitution (22nd Amendment) Act., 1969, by the
insertion of Arts. 24J and 371A. Subsequently, it was given the full status of
a State and admitted in the 1st Schedule as the 21st State, by the North-
Eastern Area (Reorganisation) Act, 1971.
As has been explained earlier, Slkkim (a Protectorate of India) was given the status of an 'associate State' by the
Constitution (35th Amendment) Act, 1974, and
thereafter added to the 1st Schedule as the 22nd State, by the Constitution
(36th amendment) Act, 1975.
By the State of Mizoram Act, 1986, Mizoram was elevated from the status of a Union Territory to be the 23rd State in the
1st Schedule of the Constitution.
By a similar process, statehood was conferred on the Union Territory of Arunachal Pradesh, by enacting the State of
Arunachal Pradesh Act, 1986.
Goa was separated from Daman and Diu and made a State by the Goa, Daman and Diu
Reorganisation Act, 1987.
Chhatisgarh was carved out of the tenitories of
the Madhya Pradesh by the Madhya Pradesh
Reorganisation Act, 2000.
Initially Uttaranchal was created out of the
territories of the Uttar Pradesh by the Uttar Pradesh
Reorganisation Act, 2000. It was renamed as
Uttarakhand by the Uttaranchal (Alteration of Name) Act, 2006.
Jharkhand was created by carving out a part of
the territories of the Bihar by the Bihar Reorganisation