Chapter 1: INTRODUCTION TO PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
Thoughts of various eminent academicians on Administration
Gladden: "To care for and look after people
and to manage affairs. Its determined action to pursue a
Ngro: "Organization and use of men, money and
material to achieve a purpose".
Simon: "Cooperation of activities to achieve
Veig: "Determined action to achieve a common
purpose. Ordering of affairs to achieve things and prevent
failure. Its marshalling labor, materials in order to gain
which is desired at low time, money, energy.
Pffiener: "Organization and direction of
human, material resources to achieve desired ends".
White: Direction, coordination, control of
people to achieve some purpose or objectives".
Gulick: "Getting things done, accomplishment
of desired objective".
Berkley: "Involves human beings to jointly
engage in working towards common goals".
Adams: "Capacity of coordinating many often
conflicting social energies in a single organisms".
Henderson: "Arrangement of men, material in
rational carrying out of purpose".
Marx: "Determined action to achieve a
purpose. Ordering of affairs and calculated use of resources
aimed at making things happen".
Administration has two parts collective efforts and
Thoughts of various eminent academicians on Public
Wilson: "Detailed, systemic execution of law.
Its the application of law. Its the executive, operative and
visible side of government".
White: "All operation having for their
purpose. The fulfillment or enforcement of public policy".
Gulick: "Part of administration which deals
with government and is concerned with executive part of
Simon: "The activities of the executive
branches of the national, state and local government".
Mcgregor: "Generation of purposive public
action whose success depends on reconciling the competing
demands of administrative operations, democratic governance
and public solving".
Administration, Organization and Management
Administration lays down the "object" for which organization
and management should strive and also the broad policies under
which they are to to operate.
Organization is a combination of men, money, materials, tools
etc brought to systemically and by effective correlation
achieve a object.
Management: It leads, guides, directs an organization for
accomplishment of a pre-determined object.
So administration defines the goals management strives towards
them. Organization is the machine of the management in its
achievements of ends decided by the administration.