Chapter 6: DEVELOPMENT
Importance of Development Administration
It is administering, organizing public agencies such as to
stimulate, facilitate defined programs of social, economic
progress with a purpose to make change attractive and
possible. It is an open system where links are present
with experts, grassroots, people rather than centralized
structures. Development administration is concerned with
attitudes, processes than structures and procedures.
- Administration of policies, programs, projects to serve
- Concerned with achieving national development.
- Tasks, processes of formulating and implementing [plans,
policies, programs, projects] to achieve mixture of goals,
objectives that are politically determined.
- Has two interrelated tasks - institution building and
- Implementation of programs to bring about modernity,
progress and changes within the administrative systems
which increase its capacity.
- Action and goal oriented administration system. The
process of guiding towards achievement of political,
economic, social objectives.
Riggs: "The efforts to carry out programs
designed to change physical, human, cultural environment but
also to enlarge the government capacity to engage in such
Development administration has two sides: Development of
administration and administration of development.
Administration can't change unless environment is changed
and environment can't change unless the administration of
programs is changed.
Riggs believed that Development administration is a process
of increasing autonomy [discretion] of social systems made
possible by rising levels of diffraction. Autonomy manifests
itself in form of human societies capable of shaping their
own physical, human, cultural environment.
Characteristics of Development Administration
- Change orientation: Bring socio economic change.
- Goal orientation: Achieve socio, economic, political,
- Commitment: Have high morale, motivation for people at
- Client orientation: Treat people as customers that
- Temporal: Complete tasks on time.
- Citizen participation
- Responsive: to citizens needs, demands
- Ecological: Interaction between bureaucracy and
- Innovative-ness: Continuously identify new strategies to
help achieve development objective with greatest possible
||rigid , hierarchical
|complex, multiple objectives
|relies on planning
|scope of operation wide, size of organization large
||limited, size small
|democratic and participative
|suitable for developing countries