can be Unisexual [male or female
reproductive parts] or Bisexual [both
reproductive organs]. Male / Female unisexual and bisexual
flowers can be on same plant or different plants.
Parts of a Flower
parts of an open flower.
– Small leaf like structures enclosing petals
[male reproductive part]
– Inner parts of the flower are made of anthers [pollen
grains or male gametes present here] and filaments.
reproductive part] – Inner parts of the flower
contains ovary, style, stigma. Ovary has ovules [egg or
female gametes here].
Process of Reproduction in Plants
of pollen to stigma is called pollination. It can happen
by agents like wind, water or insects. It can be self
pollination [if pollen falls on stigma of same flower] or
cross pollination [if it falls on stigma of different
flower of same plant or different plant of same kind]
male and female gamete fuse to form zygote
[fertilization], zygote becomes an embryo.
fertilization, ovary becomes fruit and ovules become
seeds. Seeds contain the embryo. Other parts fall off.
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