- Comman Admission Test (CAT 2003) - UPSCFEVER

# CAT 2003

Ans .

(2) satirical

1. Explanation :

The writer is using satire to mildly tease the French winemaker. (1), (3) and (4) are rather extreme choices.

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(1) Follow the labeling strategy of the English-speaking countries

1. Explanation :

Refer to the part some areas … have now produced a generation of growers using the varietal names on their labels. The writer says that (1) is probably the only option left for French winemakers.

Ans .

(2) ‘education’ that consumers have derived from wine labels from English speaking countries.

1. Explanation :

Refer to the part it is on every wine label … the name of the grape from which the wine is made … acquired a basic lexicon. (2) well describes that the French winemakers are scared of this trend.

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(4) Long-term surveys in southern France showed that the incidence of coronary heart disease was significantly lower in red wine drinkers than in those who did not drink red wine.

1. Explanation :

Option (4) is the most substantiated reason to support Dr. Renaud’s findings. The development in (4) would support Dr. Renaud's findings that fat-derived cholesterols can be dispersed by the tannins in wine.

Ans .

(3) Consumers are able to appreciate better quality wines.

1. Explanation :

Option (1), (2) and (4) are stated in the 4th paragraph. (3) is unlikely. A consumer may still not be enough of a connoisseur to discriminate wine tastes.

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(3) It was afraid that if India refused to pay, Britain’s war efforts would be jeopardized.

1. Explanation :

Refer to the part India would resist payment, and paralyze the war effort. (3) is clearly the answer.

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(3) That the British were a small ethnic group.

1. Explanation :

Refer to the part it reminded the British vividly. (3) is clearly the answer. (1) was an outcome, not a cause. (2) is a minor factor. (4) is far-sighted.

Ans .

(2) The decreasing returns from imperial loot and increasing costs of conquest.

1. Explanation :

(1), (3) and (4) are stated in the third paragraph. (2) is not a reason for the emergence of the 'white man's burden'. It is a consequence, not a cause.

Ans .

(1) The British claim to a civilizing mission directed at ensuring the good of the natives.

1. Explanation :

Refer to the part it was supposedly for the good of the conquered. (1) entirely captures the meaning of the 'white man's burden'.

Ans .

(4) To illustrate how erosion of the financial basis of an empire supports the granting of independence to an empire’s constituents.

1. Explanation :

Refer to the last line of the first paragraph, the second paragraph and the last line of the passage. They amply support (4) as the answer. (1) does not touch on the financial implications. White man’s burden is a single aspect of the passage, not the main idea, so (2) is not right. (3) can be ruled out straightaway.

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(3) MNCs are not the only group of actors in genetically-modified food research.

1. Explanation :

Refer to the part much of biotechnology research is also funded by governments. (3) is clearly the answer.

Ans .

(3) Germany and France.

1. Explanation :

Refer to the part anti-GM campaign has been quite effective in Europe. (3) is clearly the answer.

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(2) forcing application of stronger herbicides to kill weeds which have become resistant to weak herbicides.

1. Explanation :

Refer to the part use of ever-stronger herbicides which are poisonous. The last line specifically supports (2) as the answer and not (1) which is discussed in a different context. The passage has no intention of keeping competing plants standing at all, let alone keeping them weed-free, so (3) is wrong.

Ans .

(4) addresses the concerns of rich and poor countries.

1. Explanation :

Refer to the part much of biotechnology research is also funded by governments in both developing and developed countries. (4) is the answer. (1), (2) and (3) are disputed in the passage.

Ans .

(1) Indian media generally covers a subject of scientific importance when its mass application is likely.

1. Explanation :

Refer to the part GM controversy will soon hit the headlines in India … use the protato in its midday meal program for schools. (1) can be inferred. (2) is, of course, wrong. (3) is doubtful. (4) is also not true.

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(1) Large parties consisting of casual acquaintances and strangers.

1. Explanation :

The last sentence of the 2nd paragraph states these large gatherings which continues as they in the 3rd paragraph. (1) is clearly the answer.

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(3) lamenting the drying up of our real social life.

1. Explanation :

The passage begins with description of social life and towards the last few paragraphs, moves on to show drying up of our social life. …(3) is clearly the answer. (2) and (4) are rather extreme observations. (1) is also a blunt statement, whereas the passage does have a subtle tone.

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(2) people possess qualities like wonder and interest.

1. Explanation :

Refer to the part Interest, wonder … the need of the first two must not be underrated. (2) is clearly the answer.

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(1) recognize

1. Explanation :

Discriminate means to recognize passionate attitude, distinguish is too technical a word to fit the requirement. (2) and (4) are irrelevant.

Ans .

(4) Achieving a high degree of sociability does not stop the poor from hating the rich.

1. Explanation :

The correct ans. is (4) as can be seen by the first line of the second last para. If you read the previous para also you’ll find that what the author is actually saying is that the so called social life is not as per the real definitions. (1). is not right as the author is nowhere showing that the crowds in poor Calcutta can turn violent anytime. He is just giving a couple of instances to prove his point. We can’t generalize like this. (2) is the opposite of what the author is trying to show. (3) again is a generalization.

Ans .

(1) Apparently they did not think it necessary to experiment.

1. Explanation :

Refer to the part it remains a fact that the Greeks…never seem to have realized the importance of experiment. (1) is clearly the answer. The Greek preference for geometry is not mentioned in the passage, so (2) and (4) are out. (3) is a superficial answer.

Ans .

(3) physical phenomena conformed to mathematical laws.

1. Explanation :

Refer to the part physical processes of nature would prove to be unfolding themselves according to rigorous mathematical laws. (3) is clearly the answer. (1) is not true. (2) is also refuted and (4) is irrelevant.

Ans .

(2) married physics with mathematics.

1. Explanation :

Refer to the part account be taken of his joint contributions to mathematics and physics. (2) is clearly the answer. (1), (3) and (4) are specific aspects.

Ans .

(4) New knowledge about natural phenomena builds on existing knowledge.

1. Explanation :

4 Refer to the part extension of the validity. The writer states that Einstein's special principle is an extension of the validity of the classical Newtonian principle. This being the concluding sentence makes (4) the best answer. (1) and (2) are not correct observations. (3) sounds plausible but it is actually a vague observation.

Ans .

(3) there are limits to which experimentation can be used to understand some physical phenomena.

1. Explanation :

The correct answer is (3) If you read the 6th line of last para it’s given that the principle’s assertion was that “absolute velocity must ever escape all experimental detection.” Which means that sometimes we can’t experiment. This is very similar to (3). Ans. choice (1) is a fact and not an “implication”. (2). Is again a fact and in (4). The word “meaningless” is too strong and this choice is a generalization from a specific point. Generalizations need not be correct.

Ans .

(2) Don’t rush to your goal; the journey is what enriches you.

1. Explanation :

Refer to the part better if it lasts for years …wealthy with all you have gained on the way. (2) is clearly the answer. (3) is far-fetched. (1) is an isolated observation. (4) is totally incorrect.

Ans .

(1) You can gain knowledge as well as sensual experience.

1. Explanation :

Refer to the part as many sensual perfumes as you can … to gather stores of knowledge. (1) is clearly the answer. (2), (3) and (4) are short-sighted observations.

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(4) life’s distant goal.

1. Explanation :

Refer to the part Keep Ithaka always in your mind. Arriving there is what you are destined for. (4) is undoubtedly the answer.

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(3) Intra-personal obstacles that hinder one’s journey.

1. Explanation :

Refer to the part you bring them along inside your soul. (3) is undoubtedly the answer.

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(2) Exhorting

1. Explanation :

Refer to the part Ithaka gave you the marvelous journey, without her you would not have set out. The poem has a tone of encouragement and promise. (2) is clearly the answer. (1), (3) and (4) are ridiculous choices.

Ans .

(2) B

1. Explanation :

Running … consists has singular subject-verb agreement. Again, more than it costs is the right diction.

Ans .

(3) C

1. Explanation :

B and D have inappropriate temporal references. A is also wrong as products did not lead to the heightened focus. C is the answer as the second and third part of the sentence when put together is complete by itself.

Ans .

(1) A

1. Explanation :

Improper use as in “falling back” and “explanations” rule out B and C. Fall back on is the right prepositional phrase and thus A is right.

Ans .

(4) D

1. Explanation :

is regarded should go together. Valuable in itself is the right expression. Not only as …but also as has parallel construction.

Ans .

(2) B

1. Explanation :

it would be ideal expresses a satisfactory proposition. Reflection should precede action, and thought should facilitate behavior.

Ans .

1. Explanation :

ADB is a clear sequence. So is CE. A has a suitable opening with A few months ago. The invitation and the response follow in DB. she in E has a clear reference to One senior in C.

Ans .

(1) CABDE

1. Explanation :

CA gives the sequence of action. BD follows with reaction. The outcome is in E. CA outlines the consecutive bids. BD gives Mr. Conway's statements. Moreover in D adds to B.

Ans .

(4) CEBDA

1. Explanation :

C is the best beginning to the paragraph. C spells out the misnomer. E makes a statement on terror that is justified though B and in D as Besides. The humanitarian context of D is given in A.

Ans .

(1) EACBD

1. Explanation :

The “these types are rare” of D should follow B. AC also is mandatory as “these cases” of C is an explanation of A. Also D looks like the logical ending and E the logical beginning. Hence the correct ans. is (1)

Ans .

(4) CEBDA

1. Explanation :

C is the best beginning to the paragraph. C spells out the misnomer. E makes a statement on terror that is justified though B and in D as Besides. The humanitarian context of D is given in A.

Ans .

(2) CEABD

1. Explanation :

CE gives the problem. A gives the solution. BD gives the Dvorak angle. Pay attention to the openers, To avoid this answers the problem. Similarly, D presents a contrast with Yet.

Ans .

(4) It was sheer luck that brought a bundle of boy-scouts to where I was lying wounded.

1. Explanation :

bundle of boy-scouts is incorrect usage. The correct usage is a group of boy-scouts.

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(1) He is distinct about what is right and what is wrong.

1. Explanation :

He is clear about what is would have been a better expression. The correct usage is “clear” about certain things.

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(1) Everyone appreciated the headmaster’s implication in raising flood relief in the village.

1. Explanation :

appreciated the headmaster’s gesture of raising is the correct expression, implication implies negativity.

Ans .

(3) Ranchi will play the host to the next national film festival.

1. Explanation :

Ranchi will play the host to is incorrect. The correct sentence should be ‘Ranchi will host’ the next national film festival.

Ans .

(2) Farmers of all sort attended the rally.

1. Farmers of “all sorts” is the correct expression.

Ans .

1. Explanation :

conceded and offload are the most appropriate pair of words to fit here. announced do not go with formally, so (3) is out. Nor does ratified, so (4) is out. Acquire does not go logically with purchasers, so (1) is out.

Ans .

(3) identification, complicated

1. Explanation :

If you have friends outside college, they tend to mask adjustment problems with college colleagues. treatment cannot be compounded, so (1) is out. If signals are masked, nothing is facilitated, so (2) is out. For similar reasons, helped in (4) cannot fill the second blank. Identification and complicated is thus the right pair.

Ans .

(1) different, discrete

1. Explanation :

In the first blank the confusion could be between “different” and “distinct”. However once you know that certain regions of Spain are unique, only then can you call them distinct, not before. Which is why the first blank can’t be distinct. So the first blank should be different. Now between (1) and (4) the correct answer is (1) because discrete means distinct and so we are carrying forward the thought of difference between regions and then in the regions themselves.

Ans .

(1) resent, replacing

1. Explanation :

resent and replacing is the most appropriate pair of words to fit here. welcome cannot go with the implication in unhappy so (3) is out. Resist is too extreme to fit in a teacher's situation, so (2) is out. are in (4) also indicate a compulsive situation which is not evident in the sentence, so (4) is out.

Ans .

(4)withholding, fostering

1. Explanation :

Negative reinforcements foster negative behavior. (1), (2) and (3) are easily ruled out as giving, bestowing or conferring rewards cannot possibly encourage negative behaviour. Withholding and fostering thus presents the right situation here.

Ans .

(4) RED, YELLOW, and WHITE in the ratio 1:1:2.

1. Explanation :

Mixing equal amounts of ORANGE and WHITE can make WASHEDORANGE, ORANGE can be made by mixing equal amounts of RED and YELLOW. So the ratio of RED, YELLOW and WHITE is 1 : 1 : 2

85. Assume that AVOCADO, CREAM and WASHEDORANGE each sells for the same price. Which of the three is the most profitable to manufacture?

Ans .

(2) CREAM

1. Explanation :

If cost of AVOCADO paint is Rs.19.75
The cost of the CREAM is $$\frac{7 x 15 + 3 x 75}{3}$$ = Rs.18
And cost of WASHEDORANGE is Rs.18.50 So CREAM is the most profitable.

Ans .

(3)

1. Explanation :

Since Ms. X bought 21 packets out of which there are 18 O’s and A’s in total. Since she got one S, there has to be 2 P’s which she bought. Hence, both the statements are required to answer the question.

92. If A and B run a race, then A wins by 60 seconds. If B and C run the same race, then B wins by 30 seconds. Assuming that C maintains a uniform speed what is the time taken by C to finish the race?
A. A and C run the same race and A wins by 375 metres.
B. The length of the race is 1 km.

Ans .

(3)

1. Explanation :

Either of the statements is alone not sufficient. Using both the statements together: If A takes X seconds then B takes (x + 60) seconds to run 1000 m. Ratio of speeds of A and C = 1000 : 625 = 8 : 5 Ratio of time taken by A and C = 5 : 8 If B takes y second then C takes (y + 30) seconds to run 1000 m, then 5 (y + 30) = 8x …(i) and $$\frac{1000}{x + 60 }$$= $$\frac{1000}{y }$$ …(ii)

2. Solving, we get the values of x and y.
Hence, both statements are required.