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Indian Geography Test 10
Read Instructions for the test.
Negative marks are -0.33 per wrong answer
Right answer is 1 mark
No time limit but finish in 30 mins
Solution can be found at below chapters:
Test series is based on following chapters.
Indian Geography Chapter 12: CLIMATIC REGIONS OF THE WORLD
Q1: Deserts of the World
Deserts occupy 1/5th of the World’s land
They are almost always present in 15-30 degree parallel both north and south of the equator
Q2: Which is true regarding deserts ?
They lie in the trade wind belt in the western margin of continents and hence receive offshore trade winds.
They are also bathed by cold currents that have a desiccating effect on the moisture and hence it doesn’t precipitate.
Q3: Types of deserts
Trade wind deserts
Continental interior desert / mid latitude desert
Q4:they have extreme temperatures - this is a chracteristics of which deserts?
Q5: Landforms in the dessert are formed due to
chemical actions of minerals present in rain water on the rocks [weathering]
rapid heating and cooling of rocks due to high temperatures
Q6: Tropical Deserts
They are present between 15-30 degree latitudes in western margin of continents
They receive offshore trade winds hence low precipitation. Also they are basked with cold currents which have a desiccating effect on the winds.
Q7: Trade wind Deserts have
high diurnal temperature range
Low population and xerophytic vegetation
compared to temperate deserts the annual temperature range is low.
Q8: Desert plants have
long roots and thorns in place of leaves to prevent evaporation
Cacti are plants that store water in the stems to withstand long droughts.
Q9: Continental deserts:
These are located in interior region
The rain bearing winds don’t reach here
They have high annual temperature range than tropical deserts.
Q10: Tropical Grasslands: Savannah
Transitional type of climate found between the hot trade wind deserts and the equatorial forests.
There is a distinct cool, dry and hot, wet seasons here.
high diurnal temperature range is a characteristic feature.
Q11: features of savanna forest.
Tall grass and short trees
Trees are mainly deciduous origins. Wildlife is plenty
Masaai [nomadic, cattle herders] and Hausa [settled cultivators] are the tribes found there
Q12: Problems with savannah soils
torrential rains cause heavy leaching of minerals like nitrates, potassium and phosphates
Then in the summer the high evaporation rates water of the soil dries up and so the savanna regions have laterite soils.
These can’t have good yield unless proper fertilizer treatment is given.
Q13: Temperate grasslands: Steppe
These are practically treeless grasslands in the interiors of the continents
They are remotely located and are far away from the influence of any moisture bearing winds
Q14: Which is true ?
In Northern hemisphere these are the Steppes and the Prairies
in the Southern hemisphere they are Pampas, Velds and Downs.
In the northern hemisphere , these grasslands face extreme heat in summer and extreme cold in winter.
Q15: Extreme temperatures are absent in the Southern hemisphere due to
moderating influence of sea
Q16: Granaries of the World
Q17: Temperate grasslands are
Steppes and the Prairies
Pampas, Velds and Downs
This is grown in parts where winter temperatures are too low and so seedlings are sown in summer.
This wheat is used for making cakes, biscuits and pastries as it is too soft for bread making
25% of wheat produced is of this type.
75% of wheat is of this type
It is sown in winter and dried in summer and so becomes hard.
This is best for making breads.
Q20: The basic cause of monsoon climate is the
thick vegetation that attracts rainfall
mountains that block clouds
difference in the rate of heating and cooling of the land and sea
Q21: seasonal reversal of winds is seen in
Q22: Tropical monsoon forests:
These are deciduous due to the presence of a dry period in the rainfall.
forests are less thick and have far fewer species in an area compared to equatorial forests
they can be commercially exploited for timber
Q23: Which regions would be timber importers
Q24: Shifting of Wind Belts is seen in
Q25: Mediterranean Climate
found in the western margins of continents
between 30-45 degree North and South of the equator
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