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Indian Geography Test 13
Read Instructions for the test.
Negative marks are -0.33 per wrong answer
Right answer is 1 mark
No time limit but finish in 30 mins
Solution can be found at below chapters:
Test series is based on following chapters.
Indian Geography Chapter 5: VEGETATION OF INDIA
Indian Geography Chapter 6: WATER RESOURCES
Q1: The types of forests seen in India are:
Q2: Wet evergreen forests are seen in
areas with more than 250 cm rainfall .
Western ghats, A&N, NE states.
Dense forests and dense undergrowth.
It has an altitude of 2900 – 3800 m
It is a mixture of coniferous trees, large shrubs and broad leaved trees
Fir, spruce, birch.
Q4:FOREST COMPOSITION OF INDIA
Tropical moist deciduous - 37%
Tropical dry deciduous-28%
Tropical wet evergreen - 8%
Q5: Which is true ?
India receives 2nd highest rainfall for a country of its size. 1st is Brazil.
Water availability is 2000 cum/person/year and by 2050 it will be 3500 cum/person/year but availability shall be 1200 cum/person/year.
Q6: Himalayan River
Large, huge flood plain, low slope and forms meander.
Q7: Peninsular river
No shifting of course – due to hard rock surface, no shifting of course, small catchment area.
Q8: Can’t be diverted for irrigation without pumps as river basin located on higher plateau - feature of rivers of
Q9: Which is true ?
Ganga rivers groundwater reserve is highest at 17 million hectares.
Indus river has a ground water usage rate of 80%.
Q10: Groundwater is found in selected locations only:
Northern alluvial plains. Peninsular river basins and deltas of rivers.
Bhabhar , Eastern and western coastal plains
Peninsular granite and gneissic rocks.
Q11: what chemicals are affecting underground water resources.
Q12: Geo hydrological unit that drains at a common point is
Q13: Integrated watershed Management Program under the department of
drinking water and sanitation
Q14: Integrated watershed Management Program is combination of
Drought-prone area Program
Desert development program
integrated wasteland development program
Q15: Macronutrients are
Q16: Micronutrients are for
Boron, chlorine, iron
magnesium, iron, copper.
Q17: Ideal ratio of Nitrogen, Phosphorous and Potassium should be
Q18:Problems with fertilizer subsidy
Ideal ratio of N, P and K should be lower but in India its 8:4:1
Urea is out of Nutrient based subsidy and so is misused.
Due to the high misuse of urea there is nitrate pollution in ground and water.
Q19: Implications of fertilizer poisoning
Soil and water pollution.
Eutrophication of lakes.
Nitrate poisoning in ground water leads to stomach cancer
Q20: Organic farming:
Paramparagat krishi vikas yojana to promote organic farming
it discourage use of chemicals as inputs and promote bio-fertilizers
promotes vermin compost, sustainable practices like crop rotation, water efficiency.
Q21: Vermi compost:
Mixture of earthworms and organic waste.
The earthworms break down the matter to give nutrient rich, water soluble, moist organic fertilizers.
It increases soil aeration, water retention, root growth, microbial matter and also its affordable.
Q22: Capillary movement in soil
Upward movement of minerals.
Hot and dry climate causes this.
Salts within the soil come to the surface. This results in soil salinity.
Q23: Leaching of minerals
Downward movement of minerals.
Seen during humid climate.
Silica moves downwards but iron and aluminum remain on top. Thus we get laterite soils which are acidic and reddish.
Q24: Gleying is seen and leads to
In swamps peaty soil is formed.
Excessive potassium is seen.
Q25: Soil Salinity causes are:
Arid regions are created due to salts on upper layers of the soil.
Bad drainage due to basin topography and black cotton soil
Faulty agriculture practices like over irrigation, cultivation of water intensive crops.
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