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Indian Polity Test - 6
Read Instructions for the test.
Negative marks are -0.33 per wrong answer
Right answer is 1 mark
No time limit but finish in 30 mins
Solution can be found at below chapters:
Test series is based on following chapters.
Polity Chapter 9:FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS OF THE CONSTITUTION
Polity Chapter 10:Directive Principles Of State Policy
Polity Chapter 11:Fundamental Duties
Q1: Which is true regarding preventive detention?
Parliament and states can make laws for preventive detention.
These laws can specify the period of detention till which a person can be held without taking him to advisory board.
Q2:Right to Constitutional remedies allows
The Supreme Court and high courts [article 226] can issue writs to protect for enforcement of these rights.
Supreme court can have original and exclusive jurisdiction in these matters
Writ jurisdiction of SC is wider than the HC
Q3:Which is true ?
Supreme Court is thus the guarantor or guardian of fundamental rights.
President can suspend the right to move Supreme Court for enforcement of fundamental rights during national emergency.
Q4: Difference in writ jurisdiction of HC and SC
SC can issue writs against a person or government throughout India but HC can only issue writs against a person or government within its territorial jurisdiction or outside only if cause of action arises within its jurisdiction.
Parliament can empower any other court for this purpose but so far it hasn’t.
SC can issue writs for enforcing fundamental rights but HC can issue writs for fundamental rights as well as for ordinary legal rights.
Q5: Which is true ?
HC can refuse to issue writs
SC has to exercise its writ jurisdiction compulsorily.
both A and B
Q6: This Writ can be issued to public authorities or private individuals to produce a detained person before the court.
Q7: This Writ can be Issued by court against public authority [not private individual] to perform a duty [only mandatory not discretionary] which he has failed / refused to perform.
Q8: This Writ Can be issued by higher court to lower court [or judicial / quasi judicial authority] to stop it from exceeding its jurisdiction [only preventive]. Can’t be issued against non judicial or private individual.
Q9: This writ can be issued to transfer a case from lower court to itself or squash an order of lower court.
Q10:This writ can be Issued to inquire legality of claims of a person to a public office
Q11: Which writ can be sought by any individual not just aggrieved person.
Q12:Which is true?
Parliament not states can pass a law to restrict fundamental rights of members of armed forces
Such a law can’t be challenged in any court on grounds of contravention of any fundamental rights.
Parliament can also exclude court martial’s from writ jurisdiction of SC and HC
Q13: Which is true regarding Martial law?
Government can declare military rule in any part of India under breakdown of law and order
Parliament can indemnify any public servant for actions done by him to restore peace and order
Q14: Which is true regarding martial law?
It can only be applied to parts of country
it only affects fundamental rights
it suspends government and courts in that part
Q15:Fundamental rights guarantee
Q16: Directive principles of state policy are inspired from constitution of
Q17:Which provision of Government of India Act became the DPSP?
Instrument of instructions
Division of powers
Rules of procedures
Rules governing transaction of business
Q18: DPSP were made non justifiable as
country didn’t possess the financial resources
presence of diversity and backwardness in India would interfere with implementation.
Q19: "Equal justice and free legal aid" is mentioned in the
Q20:Uniform civil code for the citizens. - is mentioned in the
Q21: Promotion of international peace and security.
both A and B
Q22:Fundamental rights are inspired from constitution of
Q23: Fundamental duties have following features
They codify tasks integral to the Indian way of life
Most of these duties are moral and others are civic.
They are applicable to citizens only and not aliens both friendly or enemy.
Q24: Which is not a fundamental duty
to pay taxes
to follow law of the land
Q25: Which is/are a fundamental duty
To develop scientific temper
To protect and improve the natural environment
To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity
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